May 7, 2004
After my recent piece on an imaginary coffee with Farah
Pahlavi, and the expected 2 sides of the issue comments
I received, being inherently sheytoon, I began thinking about
what other hot topic I could exploit, I mean, explore. Sex?
Too intimidating. Religion? God is dead. Politics? Boringly
Then out of the blue, an email buddy raised the
debate of Persian vs Iranian again, and I knew I had my hot button
Nothing seems to get our blood boiling more than this
issue. Some yearn for the good old days of royalty, pomp and circumstance.
Others are coolly modern and efficiently pragmatic about it. Some
merely wish to disassociate themselves from the current image of
Iran, call themselves Persian and hope no one asks the difference.
So what angle could I offer to stir up the controversy
once more? What thorn could I press into our collective big toe
to spark debate? After a few days of walking and thinking, I
believe I have it. Here goes nothing, let the games begin!
As we all know (or do we?), Iran changed
it's name in 1935 when according to noted historian and expert
Prof. Ehsan Yarshater (of Columbia University no less!) "The
Persian government requested countries with which it had diplomatic
relations to call Persia, "Iran,"".
The good professor further explains that the suggestion
for this name change was first proposed by a (curiously but wisely
nameless) Persian ambassador to Germany who at the time was being
wooed by members of the growing Nazi movement, eager to build
relations with other nations of Aryan ancestry. Their suggestion
was that with the beginning of a new era of Reza Shah Pahlavi,
who had all but severed ties with Britain and Russia because
of their influence and manipulation of the Qajars, would be a
good time as any for a separation, by calling the country by
a new more Aryan name, namely Iran. (Special thanks to Pejman
A for the research help)
A PR makeover, if you will.
By the end of WWII, all remnants of the word Persia
and Persian had been wiped away. And that's the story! That's
how we became known as Iran, and stopped being called Persia.
Now onto the fun part.
As I researched the issues of language, food, culture
and other typical country named thingeys, I noticed a couple
of interesting commonalities.
For example, we all know that when we refer to
the language spoken in the USA, we call it "English".
We do not refer to the language as "American" or "United
Sates of American".
When we speak English, and when we refer to the
language spoken in France (Francais), we call it French. Correspondingly
we call the language spoken in Germany (Deutsch), German. The
language of China is not Chinese but is pronounced "Go-Yiu".
China is pronounced as "Da-Lou". The same goes for
the names of countries such as; Japan (Nipon), Greece (Hellenos),
Germany (Deutschland), Egypt (Mesr), Hungary (Magyar), Algeria
(Aljazayer), Morocco (Maghreb), Switzerland (Helvetia) and so
on, you get the idea.
why should we be called "Iran" when speaking and writing
in English? So why should our language be called "Farsi",
when speaking and writing about it in English? It starts to make
sense to call it something other than "Iran" or "Farsi",
until you let the 2 sneakiest of all emotions, namely pride and
ego into the conversation. Then it all flies out the window.
I don't want you to mistake the name of the country
with ethnic origin. Of course many people are Kurds, Ghashghais,
Baluchs, Turks, and I think at last count there are over 15 ethnic
minorities. But I am more referring to the name of the nation
whose borders contain the people, as spoken in English.
Also another piece of interesting information is
that the word "Farsi" is in fact the Arabic pronunciation
of the real name of the language which is still widely known
as "Parsi". Since Arabic has no letter "P",
they replaced it for us, during the invasion I guess. (Thanks
But many today consider the word "Persian" to
imply a fondness for the most recent monarchy (even though we
just learned Reza Shah Pahlavi changed the name), but you can
pick a monarchy any monarchy, or to keep calm lets call it an "outdated
ceremonial feudal system". Nonetheless a perceived departure
from the all too elusive democratic goal. Persia seems to carry
with it a sense and sound of elitism and a bitter bourgeois taste
left in one's mouth, a leftover sense of pretentiousness, a relic
of the "Darbar" days.
But we have to look at the historical record. That
fateful decision in 1935, that changed the outside name of the
country, and in doing so, put us in this identity quandary. What
is historically agreed upon is that throughout recent history
when we spoke the name of our country in the official language
or "Farsi", we pronounced it ()
or "Iran". This internal name and pronunciation has
been used as the name we speak of our country in our language
going as back before the Qajars, at least as far back as the
post Mongol Safavids.
So here-in lies our deklameh or should I say dilemma. (Wow I think
that may just barely qualify as the first ever bi-lingual pun!)
Aren't we Persian then? Keep in mind I am writing
this in English, put aside any monarchist apprehensions you may
have, and let's focus people. Because if we can agree to call
ourselves Persian when speaking English, we get a few interesting
- We can have a name that can actually be correctly
pronounced by even the southernmost senators, who today not
only butcher our name "Eye-ray-neeuns!", But who
also can't seem to say "Nuclear", choosing the alternate
more hilarious pronunciation "Nook-Yoo-Lar". Somehow
referring to it as the "Persian Nook-Yoolar" weapons
program doesn't sound as harsh.
- We can get back some of the respect and prestige
associated with our 2000+ year heritage as frequent rulers
of the earth rather than recent rulees.
- We can fall in line with the rest of the world
who has one pronunciation internally, and an often different
- We can finally explain why it's called the Persian
- Since there will be Persians roaming the face
of the earth once again, maybe they will bother to teach at
least some of it's history in the schools.
- Think of all the Anti Iran posters and "Yer
Next Iran!" T-shirts that will have to be changed by the
current right wing groups eager to invade Iran next.
Conversely keeping the words "Iran", "Iranian",
and "Farsi", has whatever you would agree as a negative
connotation associated with it. There are so many to choose from.
So there you have it. To those of you who think
that changing the name in English from "Iran" and "Farsi" to "Persia" and "Persian" is
a slap in the face, sorry, but I gotta whip out the white glove.
Bring on your counter arguments for keeping it the way it is
now (well thought out and expressed, and no personal attacks
To those of you still timid and even apologetic
about who you are, hiding behind "Persia" all these
years, you can come out now. Don't worry, the water's fine. You
don't have to call yourself Italian (yeah right!). And please,
please, you can stop getting spooked.
To all you restauranteurs, who have limped along
with the flimsy explanation that your cuisine somehow passes
for "Mediterranean" (what is Mediterranean food anyway?),
you can relax and call it what it really is, namely "Persian
Food". You can stop camouflaging with the Babaghanoush,
Hummus, and Gyros for god's sake! Proudly plop the noon-o-panir-o-sabzi,
toss in some khiar-shoors and pick out a solid torshi and trust
me, it will taste even better.
To the readers (and editorial staff!) of this esteemed
publication, do not worry, it's our magazine, about and for us
anyway, and we'll call it whatever we damn well please, but in
my view, the name "The Iranian" works even better because
it's kind of an "insider" name, so even cooler.
finally, to all those non-Persians who desperately need a history
lesson (No really, you do). Please note, if it wasn't for Persia,
you would not be able to enjoy the following;
- indoor plumbing and air conditioning
- the domesticated apple
- ice cream
- the first verification of Christ
- proof of the existence of unicorns
- the concept of ritual gift giving
- the concept of angels, with wings, and the halo,
thank you very much.
- the chariot
- the canal
- currency (hello?)
- and finally, the magical healing powers of Asheh