The Iranian Times

Thursday, October 29, 1998 / Aban 7, 1377, No. 594

US Transcom

Sehaty Foreign Exchange

Shahin & Sepehr


    Baba Taher


Lost at sea
Iran's revolving legal position in the Caspian Sea

By Guive Mirfendereski

    Iran's legal position in the Caspian Sea may be summarized as follows: (a) the division of the Caspian into bands of territorial waters in which each state would have exclusive sovereignty over the water, seabed, subsoil and air space, and (b) equitable (no longer necessarily equal) apportionment of the outer seabed and subsoil into national sectors for the purpose of exploitation of oil and gas resources. Iran continues to insist, as before, on the freedom of navigation and fisheries in waters situated outside of a state's territorial waters. Because of the recent flexibility shown in Iran's position, the issue of Caspian's future legal regime appears much closer to resolution that one might expect.

    The documents which historically have addressed the issue of Iran's territorial sovereignty in the Caspian consist of the 1723 Treaty of Alliance between Iran and Russia and the August 1962 Iran-Soviet memorandum signed by Iranian foreign minister, Abbas Aram, and Soviet ambassador at Tehran, Nikolai Pegov. In the first document, Iran ceded to Russia the length of the Caspian Sea. The treaties that later in 1725, 1732, 1813, 1828, 1881, 1893, 1921, 1954, and 1957 established the Iran-Russian and Iran-Soviet land boundaries would refer to the Caspian only in terms of where the land boundary in the west ended and the land frontier in the east began. No treaty restored to Iran any part of the Caspian Sea until the Aram-Pegov memorandum in 1962.... GO TO FEATURE


* World dialogue - with Iran

The Centre for World Dialogue hosts international conferences, publishes journals, and provides research facilities at its Cyprus headquarters to promote dialogue on global and regional issues. Topics the Centre has focused on include human rights, the relationship between Islam and the West, sanctions laws, U.S.-Iran relations.

The website presents up-to-the-minute information on our forthcoming conference, Children's Rights and Wrongs: A Pre-millennium Evaluation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Childe, including abstracts, papers, and links to other information resources on children's rights.

The website also includes archives of previous conferences and information about the Centre for World Dialogue and its publications.

Zara Houshmand
Centre for World Dialogue
PO Box 3992
20 Stassicratous Avenue
Nicosia, Cyprus

Phone: +357 2 671 112
Fax: +357 2 671 779


    As if there weren't enough...

    Rael was a car-race journalist in 1973 in France when he was contacted by extra-terrestrials (Elohim). Yahweh, the president of the Elohim, met with Rael in person first on Dec. 13, 1973, and again on Oct. 7, 1975, and entrusted Rael with a fantastic message, a summary of which follows.

    The message: Elohim are human beings like us but scientifically and technologically much more advanced than us. They live on another planet not far from the Earth but outside of our solar system... MEET RAEL, THE NEW PROPHET


    Revolution: 1979-1999

    Royal couple at official function

More Letters

* Iranians: Type 3 personality

Alex Bettesworth writes: Rather than jumping to your own conclusions ["Nargess Shahmanesh: Why insist on being around Iroonies?"], why not ask yourself if there may be some validity to what was said. Unlike you, I have been doing my research; and from that as well as my own experience I can honestly say there is much to be admired about Iranians as well as much not to be admired. That it is so strong both ways is what makes it both intriguing and perplexing...

Each personality-type has both healthy aspects and unhealthy ones. What I have observed with Iranians is that most gravitate around the Type 3 personality which goes by nicknames such as "Producer," "Performer," "Status Seeker" and "Succeeder" According to Jerome Wagner, PhD, author of "The Enneagram Spectrum of Personality Types," positive descriptions for Type 3 are: efficient, successful, get things done, motivator, enthusiastic, pragmatic, practical, goal-oriented, energetic, manager, popular, active, dynamic, multi-faceted, organized, self-assured, marketer, industrious, team-builder, and competent.

Negative descriptions are: mechanical, get ahead, calculating, impatient, expedient, workaholic, chameleon-like, scheming, popularizer, image-conscious, self-promoting, appearances, jet set, success-driven, slick, political, mesrepresenting, oeverachiever, role-playing, and ignore feelings... FULL TEXT

* Conference: Caspian oil conference, New York

The Columbia Caspian Project| School of International & Public Affairs Columbia University in New York City

Presents a conference on Oil & Environmental Security in the Caspian and Black Seas, October 30, 1998

Place: Kellogg Conference Center, 15th Floor| International Affairs Building 420 West 118th Street (Amsterdam Avenue) New York, NY 10027 ... DETAILS HERE

Book of the Week

Scent of Saffron:
Three Generations of an Iranian Family

By Rouhi Shafii

Recent featured books


New! Bestsellers
New! Books on Rumi

More news

U.S. condemns arrests in Iran

WASHINGTON (AP) -- The State Department accused Iran of persecuting members of the Baha'i faith and urged that death sentences against six Baha'i prisoners be set aside. More than 500 homes and office buildings owned or rented by Iranian Baha'is have been raided and at least 36 faculty members from a Baha'i institute arrested, deputy spokesman James Foley said Thursday... FULL TEXT

Tehran to celebrate 1,000th Friday prayers since revolution

TEHRAN, Oct 29 (AFP) -Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei will personally lead weekly mass prayers in Tehran on Friday to mark the thousandth such ceremonies here since the 1979 Islamic revolution, the news media announced Thursday. Communal prayers have been held every Friday throughout Iran since the revolution, led by clerics representing Khamenei, who is the top political and religious authority in Iran... FULL TEXT

Rumor: Postponing local council elections

Tehran, (HAMSHAHRI) - There is talk among right-wing members of the Majlis to postpone local council elections for a year in order to find a way to prevent moderates from gaining control. The election has been planned for next February ... FULL TEXT IN PERSIAN...

490-billion-rial fine!

Tehran, (HAMSHAHRI) - The head of a private company has been fined 490 billion rials (6,680 rials = 1 dollar) and sentenced to jail for "trading... and trasferring foreign currency" out of the country (no more details).

Young chess players march ahead

Tehran, (HAMSHAHRI) - Five of the six young Iranians have won victories in the latest round of world championships in Spain ... FULL TEXT IN PERSIAN

$ Rate

The dollar now offered at up to 665-668 tomans

Source: Sehaty Exchange (U.S.) Tel: 602-595-0777

Business news

The Web

Negah art galleries

This virtual gallery in Tehran "serves as an open site for established and emerging visual artists in Iran to display their work. The art is great, but the web site design work is absolutely terrific.

More web sites... & the Web site of the day - beyond Iran

Quote Unquote

Fat chance

"Khar-e issa beh aasemaan naravad."

(Jesus's donkey will not go to heaven." = Being associated with the great will not bring greatness.)

From Yousef Jamshidi-pour's "Zarbol masalhaa-ye shirin-e faarsi"

Photo of the Day

Toy of the rich

More photos


Musician of the Week

Shahin & Sepehr

Five more tunes from the hugely successful "World Cafe" CD

Music artists index

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