At last, after 90 years of struggles for human rights and labor class needs, L’unita, which was once the central organ of the mighty Italian Communist Party (ICP), has ended its publication.
As the Independent and CNN reported, this news was not unpredictable. The famous leftist newspaper breath as a sick man laid on the death bed was numbered from April 2014. In the aftermath of WWII its circulation was as high as a few hundred thousand, published in different Italian cities. At the end its distribution reached only 20 or so thousand.
L'unita is part of Italian history. In the classic film "Rome: Open City" a member of Italian Communist Party collaborates with a priest against Nazi occupation. In a very dramatic scene of the movie a copy of L'unita is in the hand of ICP cadre.
The right wing of the Italian political platform breathes a sigh of relief after hearing of the death of L’unita, but for the ex- Marxists it was a real dose of nostalgia. The literature used by L'unita was exactly the language used by the Iranian leftist press in the 1950s.
Here is an excerpt of an article printed in L'unita on March 7, 1953, on the occasion of Stalin's Death:
“Gloria Eternal a Giuseppe Stalin!
Fellow citizens, comrades!
A grave, irreparable disaster has struck us all. Joseph Stalin, the man upon whom millions of Italian workers, peasants, and intellectuals looked with trust and affection as their leader and their hope, is dead. Our sorrow is deep. The powerful of the earth bowed before Stalin’s immortal genius. People cry for him as they'd cry for the loss of a father.
Stalin is the man who, more than anyone, worked and fought to break the chains of exploitation and oppression. It was to this cause that He dedicated His entire heroic existence."
Nowadays we know most of the exceprt above to be wrong and pure propaganda, but it was part of our generation around world.
Although L'unita has died, the ideals for which it stood will live forever. From now on the Euro communism has also joined the history. The Italian Communist party was one of the prominent and most distinguished parties in the World; a party that rejected the grasp of power by any violent means and tools. Antonio Gramsci, the founder of L’unita in 1924, was the preacher and advocate of arriving to power for the communist party via a ballot and democratic means.
The end of L’unita is likely being lost in the headlines, which are mostly dominated by the Gaza massacre these days, but the impact of this newspaper on Italian society and western culture is undeniable.
As nostalgia of those days, below are the last slogans published in L’unita for the occasion of Josef Stalin's (Soviet Dictator) death on March 7, 1953:
"These days it looks mere rhetoric and ridicules but 61 years ago, absorbed the folks and even caused them to cry!!
Eternal glory to Joseph Stalin!
Long Live the Communist party of the Soviet Union!
Long live the Italian Communist party!
Long live the indestructible friendship of the Italian and Soviet peoples!"