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Russia's Death Wish: Colonizing Iran

Balatarin

Russia has frequently attempted to invade Iran, with much success, over the last two centuries.  Dominating Iran, in one form or another, has been, and still is, the pivotal doctrine of Russia’s geopolitical strategy.  While there have been a few strategic setbacks, Russia continues to regroup and try again.  Russia is formed on ice and is too big to survive without access to warm waters.  This geographical necessity is not going to change over time.  

 

Russia has seceded rich territories of Iran in the last couple of centuries and has downgraded the Persian Safivid Empire to a tribal cluster, and consequently, a non-existent nation, in less than a century.  By the beginning of the 20th century, Qajar Shahs’ fell under the influence of their czarist neighbor.  As a result, the Russian hegemony in Persia was almost complete.  It was the United States that pushed the Russians back. Domination of Iran by Russians was not in the interest of the West then or now.

After the 7th Century decimation of the Persian Empire by the Arabs from the south, the Russian invasion from the north was extremely devastating; it also had the same endgame outcome.  Arabs dubbed invasion of Persia as the “Conquest of Persian.”  And Russians call their crimes the “Conquest of Caucasia”. 

Russian’s latest invasion occurred during the late 1940s and dragged on into the early 1950s.  That was despite the Agreement reached by Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin during the Tehran Conference.  The Russians used their cronies in Iran to remove South Azerbaijan, Gillan, Mazandaran and nearly every province north and northwest of the Teheran Province.  Russians are currently using this same textbook strategy in Ukraine.  

Anglo-Russian Invasion of 1907

 

Iran would be off the world map and erased from the history books if the 1907 Agreement was not followed by WWI a few years later.  The 1907 Agreement divided Iran into two “spheres of influence”.  For the Russians, that meant “annexation;” for the British, it meant “colonization.”  However, as history shows, Iran would finally and entirely be under Russian’s control shortly afterwards.  After all, Britain’s primary interest was protecting the Indian colonies and the Russian dream of accessing warm waters was not in conflict with their colonies.  The Agreement would, at least for a while, keep Russians busy and away from India, the jewel of her colonies. Russia would agree to a two-layer buffer zone only to keep Britain convinced that they had no ulterior motives on India. 



Signed on August 31, 1907, in St. Petersburg, Russia, the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907 brought shaky British-Russian relations to the forefront by solidifying the boundaries that identified their respective control in Persia, Afghanistan, and Tibet.  This agreement seemingly ended a long-standing struggle for power that had gone on at the expense of the less-developed regions throughout Central and South Asia.  As a consequence of the Anglo-Russian agreement, Russia crushed any chance of Persian autonomy.

From the start to the finish, Persia was never consulted in these negotiations, as there was no one to consult.  Both Mohammad Ali Shah and Sultan Ahmad Shah had no real power beyond the Golestan Palace. Persia was, for both of the powers, simply a tract of territory.

Consequently, neither of them remembered that Persia was a nation. The Agreement partitioned the country into three sectors.  The Russian sector in the North covered more than half of Persia, and included the whole of its more fertile and populous area, including its three great towns: Teheran, Tabriz, and Isfahan.  The British sector was a small area in the South-West; it was arid and thinly populated. It was only a buffer between India and Russia.  Between the two, stretched a great neutral area composed mainly of deserts and mountains, and the torrid region of the Gulf coast.

 

WWI saves Iran

 

Iranians got lucky. WWI broke out and the United States emerged as the new superpower, with her own dominating geopolitical interests. That included an independent Iran out of Russian influence.  In the 1920s, Russia was trying to survive the aftermath of a world war, a revolution and an entanglement with the internal fighting between the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks for a decade or two. Russia didn’t have the resources, or even the interest, to oppose the new plan.  The 1907 Convention was out of the window for now, until Stalin got a hold of it. “Stalin’s Curse” refers to the same Imperialistic Objectives that Peter the Great had.  It is also similar to the expansionist tactic of Putin today.  Geopolitics has always been far more important for Russians than ideology.

Haji Hossein-Gholi Khan was the first Iranian Ambassador to the United States. Known as Haji  Washington, he was instrumental in creating support and developing an understanding of mutual interest within the American political and commercial circles.  The United States understood that the new Iran would be far more in the interest of the United States (US) than partitioned smaller countries under the influence of emerging communism. Haji Washington was followed by Mirza Ali Kuli Khan, the second Iranian Ambassador to the U.S.

 

Russia didn’t give up its dreams and tried invading Iran a few decades later, during and after WWII (World War II), despite the Tehran Agreement.  And again, it was Americans who pushed Russians away in the late 1940s.  The fall of the Pahlavi Dynasty in 1979 became a golden opportunity for Russians to occupy Iran. However, this time around, they were far more covert and concealed. 

The Constitutional Monarchy and the Rebirth of Iran

 

During the late 19th Century and the early 20th Century, because of its anti-colonial history, the US was seen as a respectful state, unlike Russia, who was engaged in a dirty scenario with Britain called the Great Game. Russia has openly stated its plans to reach the Persian Gulf since 1813; that included colonizing or the outright annexation of Iran, one province at a time. Persia and the Caucasus regions have endured Russian aggression and oppression for at least 150 years. Iranians supporting the Constitutional Monarchy Movement, that included Reza Khan, viewed the US and Germany as balancing forces in their struggle to put a stop to Russians cutting off Iran piece by piece and being annexed to Russia. Furthermore, US industrial and business leaders were supportive in modernizing the Iranian economic and administrative infrastructure. 

Reza Khan became the Shah of the Iranian Constitutional Monarchy in 1925. Consequently, the territorial integrity and the independence of Iran were preserved. Reza Shah began creating a new country from the ruins of what was left from a century of disintegration by the Russians. Keeping Iran out of the hands of Russia was possibly the best decision the US ever made; it was also the foremost task of Reza Khan.  The implementation of the 1907 plan would have made Russia in control of Middle Eastern oil, the primary commodity that fueled the American economy in the 20th Century.  
 

Reza Khan and the formation of a new country

By the early 20th Century, Iran was irrelevant. Russians handled Tehran, Baku, Tbilisi and Yerevan the same. Local semi-autonomous regions were formed all across Iran, claiming their own independence with no opposition from the non-existent central power. 

 

Reza Shah never intended to create a dynasty. All he wanted was a constitutional monarchy out of the hands of Russians. He understood international geopolitics and realized that two centuries of Russian motives against the Iranian integrity will not stop without a balanced foreign policy. Iran didn’t have the resources and or the support to create a military matching that of the Russians. Hence, Iran needed a serious foreign support that was not in the position of occupying Iran. He was seeking new allies. Iran had the support of the US, but America was looking inward in the 1920s, which were followed by the Great Depression. Germany was the only other option. Despite Russian propaganda, Reza Shah has no intention of supporting Nazi Germany. He purely needed a supporting power to hold back the Russians. Russian attacks on Iran under the false pretence of supporting a Caucasus front simply enforced Reza Shah’s decision to seek German help. 

Stalin solidified his powers by the 1930s and began to look outward again. Abandoning the 1907 Agreement didn’t set well with Stalin. Russian sympathizers were behind the numerous assassinations and Stalin used his new powers to undermine the cooperation between Iran and the west to much success. Russia was looking for another opportunity to invade Iran and regain the lost 1907 territories. They got that opportunity close to the end of WWII and invaded the northern part of the country once again. 

During WWII, Russians were being slaughtered in Stalingrad. Over 6 Million Russians were killed in defending it, yet Russia moved a considerable portion of their army to invade Iran. Immediately after WWII, Russians wanted the abdication of Reza Shah and the return of the Qajar Dynasty. Reza Shah had put Iranian-American relations in limbo, because of one speeding ticket that the Iranian Ambassador got in Washington DC circa 1936. Western powers agreed with the abdication, but not with the return of the Qajar Dynasty. For the second time in less than half a century, it was the US that pushed Russians back and supported Iranian territorial integrity. 

Numerous events shaped Iran in the following 25 years. Mistakes and miscalculations were made, but regardless, Iran succeeded as a growing nation in many fields. Did the Shah move too fast or was he not strong enough as Ataturk did? The modernization of the country created some level of discontent, as was to be expected. Russians seized the opportunity to topple Iran. They hoped that they would have much more influence over whatever came next. They did.  

 

1979

 

Russians were never comfortable with Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.  His departure was a dream come true for them. During his administration, Russia used a wide range of cronies to hinder the modernization of Iran, including any possible heinous crimes that would fit their objectives. They used the same tactics that they use in Ukraine today.

With the Pahlavi Dynasty gone, Russia fostered a constant conflict between Iran and the West during the next three decades, blocking possibility of any cooperation between Iran and the west. Friendships between Iran and the US were not in the interest of Russia at all. Russians worked hard for centuries to get to this point; they are going to protect the status quo at any price. Today, Russia is supporter of a nuclear Iran, only to sustain the hostility between Iran and the west. Russia has no intentions of allowing Iranians access to atomic arms, except if they are in full control of it.   


Conflict of Interest

 

An independent, prosperous and strong Iran has never been in the interest of Russia, and it never will be. Russia was unnerved by Reza Shah’s rebuilding of the Iranian Army and demanded his abdication.  He didn’t hide his euphoria when Pahlavi II left.  They continued undercutting the efforts of both the Pahlavi Kings in modernizing Iran and repeatedly tried to destabilize their governments.  

Russia and Iran produce the same commodities: oil and gas.  Oil and gas supplies are the prime sources of income for both countries.

 

That places Iran and Russia in a direct conflict of interest.  Without Iran, Russia will have a hard time controlling anti-American terrorist proxies in the region and elsewhere.  Connecting the dots, most of the anti-west terrorist groups are linked to Russia via Iran.  It is only a matter of time before Iran stops acting as Russia’s middleman proxy of terrorism.  

 

And, last but not least, Europe would not need to tolerate Russia’s bullying of Eastern Europe if they had greater access to Iranian fossil fuel. 

Russia’s Final Blunder

 

There is a new factor in Russia’s Great Game. The Russian economy is in omnishambles, even though Putin is actively isolating the country’s banking and economic systems from the international sector. The Russian economy plummeted after 2008, and it is expected to take another plunge this year.  The Russian Ruble is consistently dropping against the U.S. dollar, and Russia’s economic growth forecast for 2014 is a mere 0.2%. In contrast, mature economies are averaging 2% growth, while emerging markets are at 6%.  The Russian Federation is on the verge of collapse, and Putin knows it. Expansionism is Putin’s way of creating a geopolitical shield to protect Russia. He is trying to cover his past blunders with a new mega-blunder.  In the process, the country’s limited resources are wearing too thin.

Russian endeavors into Ukraine seem to be far more catastrophic than its blunder in Georgia in 2008.

Both Russian and international investors have lost trust in the economy. More than $75 billion has left Russia in the first six months of 2014, and that was before the Ukrainian conflict. 

 

Russian economic crises have heightened the country’s dependency on oil and gas exports and its desperate need to limit Iranian gas exports, because that’s one of the viable options on the table.  Iran’s ability – or, conversely, its inability – to export gas is a matter of life or death for Russia today. Russia exports 24% of European Union gas and 30% of its oil. Imagine what would happen to Russia if Iran began exporting oil and gas to Europe.  Europe wants it, Iran wants it, and Russia hates the idea.  Isn’t that good enough reason for Russia to push against resolving the nuclear issue?

A recent Russian energy agreement with China has reduced China’s need for Iranian gas.  China is the largest importer of Iranian gas, and without it, the Iranian economy will be hit hard.  This is especially true as long as Iran is unable to sell petroleum and gas to the West and most of the emerging markets due the hindering of the nuclear negotiations by Russia.  To further damage the Iranian economy for the benefit of Russians, Russia has “agreed” to build another 8 to 10 nuclear reactors in Iran.  Iran will pay with underpriced gas and petroleum, and Russia will sell these same commodities on the international markets.  These shenanigans in their entirety eliminate Iran’s main source of income.

The Tehran Times reported on July 11, 2014, of an extensive agreement pertaining to Russian “investment” in the Iranian gas sector.  Russia receives Iranian natural gas, and in turn builds useless, exorbitantly costly eight nuclear facilities.

Adding to numerous other compacts on energy, military, transportation and so forth, this recent agreement puts Russia in full control of Iranian exports, energy production and, finally, the economy as a whole for decades to come, if not for the entire 21st century. Russia has colonized Iran at last.  

Iran’s dual army is equipped with substandard, lower grade Russian equipment. Such equipment is sufficient to quell internal unrest, but in no way could it fend off a major foreign invasion from the north.  While the United States armed Iran with the latest and most advanced warfare during our golden friendship days, Russia has purposely refused to upgrade the Iranian Air Force.  The Iranian Army still uses hundreds of U.S.-made fighter jets, including close to 120 F14s, as its primary air force fleet, while Russia has given Iran only 21 Mig Fighters from the 1970s!  The Pasdaran Army, the better half of the Iranian Army, is plainly a subdivision of the Russian Army.  No serious bases are located in Gilan and Mazandaran Provinces.  For all practical purposes, the Northern Corridor has been left open.  The old pro-Moscow leftist cronies are dormant but have not been fully eliminated. 

On more than one occasion, the Russians have warned the West that any invasion by Americans from the South would be confronted by Russians from the North.  It feels like 1907 all over again.  This certainly seems an implausible idea, as was the invasion of Iran on numerous occasions a farfetched idea, as farfetched as the invasion of North Georgia, Chechnya and Ossetia in 2008, and as farfetched as the invasion of Crimea only a few months ago.  Russia has to invade Iran; Putin believes he must. Putin’s mismanagement of the Russian strategic economy and his obsessive adherence to ancient tsarist ideals has brought Russia to its knees.

 

Putin believes his invasion of Iran, or at least full control of the county, can provide him with some surviving points.  He is mistaken; his involvement in Iran is too pricey, far more costly than Russia’s invasion of Afghanistan in the 1970s.  That resulted in the collapse of the Soviet Union, yet another farfetched and unthinkable idea at that time. 

 

This is not a farfetched concept; no one should be surprised. Russia has not abandoned its centuries- old ways; it can’t. Putin has been taking steps identical to the Russian Tsars and Politburo Chiefs, and equivalent results should be expected. This is not a farfetched and unbelievable concept; Irano-Russian history begs to differ. Current events in Ukraine beg to differ. 1945 was not terribly long ago, followed by Afghanistan in the 1970s, Georgia in 2008, and finally, Crimea in 2014. What is a bit surprising is that many of our western leaders have publicly expressed shock.  The Moskovsky Vodolazs are still breathing and are too old to unlearn their tendency to bite. 

It is in the interest of Russia to cut the losses and count its blessings before it is too late.  However, it is President Putin we are talking about; he has most likely passed the point of no return.  

Conclusion

 

Iran must free itself from Russian domination and stop being a mere a middleman for Russia’s anti-western terrorist network.  There is no common interest between Iran and Russia; there are only conflicts of interest.  While all of our neighbors have benefitted from outrageously high oil prices, Iran is falling behind every day. Iran’s close relationship with Russia has resulted in irreversible damage to Iran’s economy, society and international reputation. 

 

It is far better for Iran to ease foreign trade and prevent Russian cronies’ propaganda in support of a nuclear Iran, which has created unnecessary political conflict with the west that only benefits Russia.  This conflict has proven to be too expensive for Iran. Continuing the status quo requires further and more severe clampdowns on internal social and financial freedoms.  The situation is not sustainable.  It is not only the regime that is in danger.  The entire country could fall apart.  Here is the irony: global geopolitical events today bear an eerie resemblance to the early 20th century.  Iran is not the exception.  Russia was in full control of Iran during the early 20th century, as it is now. Iran would have unfortunately ended and rarely been mentioned in history books if Russia’s plans had succeeded. World War I saved Iran.  We just got lucky. We can’t count on pure luck this time around again.

The Great Rapprochement has been placed on table by a few from both the Iranian and the American sides.  The original Great Rapprochement and ending of Anglophobia – between the U.S. and Britain – was not based on pure mutual interest only.  The liberalization of a governing system in Britain and the transfer of power from the elite to the common man was the catalyst for common interest and Rapprochement.  There is no question that the Iranian and American people share a considerable level of common interest, but that is not enough.

Iran must consider its own interests prior to appeasing Russia’s misplaced rivalry against the west.  Iran has been the pioneer of human rights for millennia, which is the true Persian Culture; Iran needs to return to its ancient roots.  There was a time when Iran was the land of refuge for masses who yearned to be free from religious and ethnic persecution.  What has altered that innate psyche?  The Christians, Jews and others are being slaughtered in the region today; there was a time when Iran would have opened its doors for them with welcoming arms.  Why not now?  Iran needs to revive its true ancient identity.  The country must advance a free market economy.  Iran needs to regain its independence from Russian shenanigans and extend a hand of friendship to its true historic allies and friends.  These are the perquisites for the next Great Rapprochement, if there is going to be one.  

The status quo is the other option.  Iran was just an irrelevant name on the world map in the early 1900s; the next map didn’t even include Iran.  However, Iran got lucky; the U.S. found interest in an independent Iran, the new regime in Russia didn’t adhere to the Tsars’ policies, and Reza Khan rose to the occasion.

We can’t count on luck again.    

 

 

 

 

Balatarin

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NiloufarParsi

Niloufar Parsi http://niloufarparsi.wordpress.com

"Iran must free itself from Russian domination and stop being a mere a middleman for Russia’s anti-western terrorist network".

Rubbish! Russia lacks the capability to colonise Iran just as every other power does.

This article is a good example of historical revisionism. every event is given an anti - Russian twist to make history fit the author's political agenda. And the agenda appears to be to garner anti - Russian sentiment among Iranians in the service of yet another cold war.

the author has forgotten what Iranians obviously prefer: neither eastern nor western.

if Russia sides with Iran as she is doing today, so be it!

RethinkIran

Rethink Iran (TM) When I am silent, I have thunder hidden inside me.

Great post, Niloufar jan. Ignore the MEK trolls.

amirparvizforsecularmonarchy

amirparvizforsecularmonarchy I Love Waterfalls and Find One of the most humorous things in the world; is the notion that Americans are a greater force for good & more civilized than Nazi's, Mullahs and Communists.

You forget the filthy Mullahs are not Iran, nor do mullahs represent either the culture or the will of most Iranians, just ignoramuses and mullahs, but I repeat myself.

Nicholas' overall point of Russian domination in the past is a fact, and so long as there are idiots in charge in Iran the Russians work with them against the USA and unproven democratic systems because they are in competition with them and they know Iran could thwart the Russians rise in power, so they work to reduce this threat to themselves, but not to the benefit of Iranians.

This is why Iran is so screwed, the USA has harmed Iran beyond Imagination, yet Iran needs the USA as much as the other way around due to the past actions and capabilities of the Russians.

NiloufarParsi

Niloufar Parsi http://niloufarparsi.wordpress.com

Who said anything about the 'mullahs'?

Get over it Amir. Iran is Iran, no matter who rules.

And anyone who rules with intelligence, would use Russia and USA against each other. Both are manageable. China too.

NiloufarParsi

Niloufar Parsi http://niloufarparsi.wordpress.com

Just did a quick web search on the author of this article, and sure enough the expected came up!

On George Bush, no less:

"Nicholas Vasseghy says:
May 4, 2014 at 2:04 am
The fact that the “average people” don’t get him tells you much. Decades will pass until people understand what a great positive impact he and his administration had in the growth of this country. The time will come."

http://www.thefederalistpapers.org/us/stanford-mba-students-told-george-w-bush-is-smarter-than-you

Explains a lot...!

Lynx

Lynx

Thank you Niloufar :-)

NiloufarParsi

Niloufar Parsi http://niloufarparsi.wordpress.com

You're welcome Nicholas :)

Lynx

Lynx

Armenia is and will be a good friend regardless of who is wearing the helm of power in Iran. Possibly, I needed to be clearer; Armenia is forced by Russians to sign the 2007 Treaty. Armenians gained their Independence from Russia only few decades earlier, There is no reason for them to get the Russians back except if they felt they had too.

And please do remember that Russia invaded Georgia, the Armenia's neighbor to the North, few months later in 2008.

Name one neighboring nation to Russia that was NOT invaded by it at least once in the history. Every nation has been the victim of its atrocities and crimes multiple times in the history. That is the simple truth.

It is just Russia, and it is a plain history of their crimes stretched for centuries. Their tactic has always been the same; their sympathizers pave the way first, and Russia begins the bloodshed soon after. Ukraine is the present victim. They never needed to change this tactic. It has always worked for them. The public has a very short memory of history. Public has a very severe attention deficiency syndrome, forget about history. Don’t we see what happened to Georgia only few years ago and Ukraine today?

No, the people of Armenia and Iran, along with entire nations around Russia, have one common enemy. We all wait for our turn! Again.

NiloufarParsi

Niloufar Parsi http://niloufarparsi.wordpress.com

Can you also name me one neighbour of Russia's that has not invaded it in the past?

Russia is not half the monster it is portrayed as. Stalin's ( Georgian, not Russian) era aside, it has been a relatively positive influence over its neighbours, and the Soviet era enhanced the standard of living of the region tremendously, with many people today wishing they could go back to that era when children were delivered their breakfast meals to their homes, and most people went about their lives quite healthy and safe.

There is absolutely nothing inherently threatening about Russia, and it simply does not have the numbers needed for it to control any more land than it already does.

Soviet power was mainly drawn from neighbouring countries, and in fact, for most of its recorded history, Russians were slaves and the underdogs to their neighbours.

I know it does not seem like that from the belly of the beast where you reside, but the nastiest and most dangerous regime in the world is the one that you pay your taxes to.

xxxx

xxxxxxx

I pay gladly and happily my taxes to any government that defends freedom, justice, democracy to stop and to defeat the russian monsterous hegemonies and their terrorist anti-western inhumane proxies.


Good Bless America!!!!!

AnonymousObserver

Anonymous Observer

Oops, almost forgot. You can also ask the Afghans about Russia's positive influence over them...especially the more than a million dead one. :-(

NiloufarParsi

Niloufar Parsi http://niloufarparsi.wordpress.com

AO jan I know your country has no history, and it is hard for you to get the point I made. But try to remember your pre-American days when you came from a country with a real history and culture, and then you might remember that history is much longer than the past few weeks. Hard, I know, but try to shed your American ignorance for a little while. It would do your head a lot of good :)

AnonymousObserver

Anonymous Observer

Yes indeed. Iran's history and culture are filled with examples of Russian "positive influence." I know that you probably don't know much about this stuff since they don't teach Iran's history in South Lebanese schools, but we Iranians have been the biggest victims of Russia in the region. There are two treaties, Turkmenchai and Golestan, under which Russia took an enormous amount of land from Iran--probably almost the size of Iran itself today. Perhaps you can look it up when you're done reading the Palestine / Israel related documents for the millionth time. They're on Wikipedia. Once you take a look at those, perhaps you can make that your cause: getting Iran's land back from the Russians, as opposed to your current lifelong cause of getting Palestinians their land back.

Positive influence Russians used to also commit all kinds of terrible things to Iranian population and even take Iranians slaves. They even made a symphony about it. Have you ever heard Mussorgsky's "Dance of Persian Slaves?" I doubt it. Here it is:

dale

dale 72, radical egalitarian, vegan

The pro-Russian government was secular and progressive: women had rights, etc.

It was the precursors of al Quada (many from Iran) who started the civil war, hating secular progressive values and seeking to establish an Islamic Republic, with Sharia law, stonings, no womens' rights, etc.

I blame al Quada for the civil war (more like a foreign invasion, just as in Syria), as well as the US for arming them, as much as the Russians. US support for the Islamic fundamentalists who have morphed into ISIS and al Quada, is at the root of the slaughter of Afghani civilians, which continues to this day, only this time with US
ruthlessness, minus a secular progressive government.

.



xxxx

xxxxxxx

Must be very hard trying to defend atrocious regimes and wash away these. Pretty resilient aren't you?

AnonymousObserver

Anonymous Observer

So I guess Russia had nothing to do with more than a million Afghanis dead during its long invasion of Afghanistan. Carpet bombing of Afghan villages never happened...etc... Good to know.

AnonymousObserver

Anonymous Observer

Yes indeed. Russia has been an nothing but positive influence over its neighbors, especially the Muslim ones. Don't believe me, ask the Chechens.

dale

dale 72, radical egalitarian, vegan

Ask the Syrians if they appreciate Russian diplomacy which stopped an imminent US attack. Ask Iran if it appreciates Russian diplomacy which has staved off an Israeli and a US attack.These two nations have 100 million citizens; Chechnya has 1.3 million, and of course, there are two sides to every war.

Many of the Islamic separatists resorted to terrorism targeting civilians.....but since 2009, when the Russian pulled out most of its army and the leader of the separatist government called for an end to armed resistance, there has been relative peace.

A referendum, contested by critics of Russia, was held which brought Chechnya into the Russian Federation. I imagine the average Chechen may be happy the violence has ceased, tho




AnonymousObserver

Anonymous Observer

When it comes to Chechens, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, wanted self rule from Russian occupiers who essentially had nothing in common with them religiously, culturally or ethnically. What they got instead was a brutal, genocidal, racist crackdown by the Russians which left tens of thousands dead, starved and maimed, many of them women and children. By your definition of "terrorism" Gazans are terrorists also! The new Chechen "president" is a Russian puppet. If he was a Western installed head of state, you would have been quick to point it out.

Should Syrians thank Russia? I don't know. The uprising in Syria started as peaceful democracy protests. In turned into an armed conflict when Bashar Assad, backed and goaded on by Russia and Iran decided to mow down unarmed protesters with tanks, and went on a rampage of killings, torture, kidnappings and other atrocities. That gave others (such as Turkey and Saudi Arabia) an opening to arm his opponents. Had he given just a basic semblance of some kind of democratic process (such as some sort of a real parliamentary elections) to his people none of this would have happened. So I guess Syrians should thank Russians!

And Iran...what exactly has Russia done for Iran except for lip service? Is the Bushehr plant producing electricity after billions of dollars paid to the Russian mafia? Did they deliver the S-300's? If not, did they even pay back the $900 million that they took for them? Also, isn't Russia on the Security Council? Why didn't it veto any of the sanctions resolutions against Iran? When it comes to Iran, Russians use it as a bargaining chip without any regard to the welfare of Iranians. Iran is just a tool for them to extort things from the West, that's all.

NiloufarParsi

Niloufar Parsi http://niloufarparsi.wordpress.com

Yes AO jan. The Russians have made many mistakes. But they are still angelic compared to your fascist country with its shamefully murderous record.

AnonymousObserver

Anonymous Observer

Yes, yes, Russian only makes "mistakes." The genocide in the Caucasus was just a "mistake." So was the carpet bombing and massacres of more than a million civilians in Afghanistan. All just innocent mistake. Like putting too much sugar in your coffee. Like the Samashki Massacre by drunk, racist Russian troops. I mean...c'mon...they were drunk. We can't blame a drunk Russian brother now, can we?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samashki_massacre

And this video of their massacres....sorry, just mistakes. They didn't mean to do it. It just kind of happened. Those dead Muslim Chechens had it coming anyway. They didn't believe in the greater cause of humiliating the U.S. Am I right or am I right.

CAUTION - GRAPHIC IMAGES:

AnonymousObserver

Anonymous Observer

Dear Mr. Vasseghy,

Thanks for this in-depth analysis of Russia's imperialistic ambitions in the region. If history is any indication, Russia is the country with the most intent on usurping Iran's interests and territory. Iran has lost more territory to Russia than to any other nation in modern history. Russia was even instrumental in taking away most of Iran's rights in the Caspian Sea, which has left Iran with one of the smallest shares in that area.

Moreover, Russia is essentially an oligarchy and a mafia operated government, which means that it cannot be trusted, just as it showed by pretty much stealing almost $900 million of Iran's money for the S-300's that it never delivered. And that's on top of the billions of dollars that it has bilked Iran for the Bushehr power plants for the past three decades--which have yet to produce one kilowatt of energy.

Russia is also a murderous and criminal imperialist power which has massacred more than million people--mainly civilians-- in Iran's immediate neighborhood of Afghanistan and Chechnya.

Lastly, the fact that you have riled up IR's representatives on the site--to the extent that they have even started the process of "parvandeh saazi" for you by searching your history--in and of itself shows that you're doing something right.

FaramarzFathi

Faramarz Fathi

"Russia was even instrumental in taking away most of Iran's rights in the Caspian Sea, which has left Iran with one of the smallest shares in that area.

Moreover, Russia is essentially an oligarchy and a mafia operated government, which means that it cannot be trusted, just as it showed by pretty much stealing almost $900 million of Iran's money for the S-300's that it never delivered. And that's on top of the billions of dollars that it has bilked Iran for the Bushehr power plants for the past three decades--which have yet to produce one kilowatt of energy."

No disagreements here whatsoever.
But why these modus operandi go unchecked by the Iranian people is …………….
Faramarz Fathi

Lynx

Lynx

Thank you Anonymous,

RethinkIran

Rethink Iran (TM) When I am silent, I have thunder hidden inside me.

Who is the one creating the list? "IR's representatives". Hilarious.

xxxx

xxxxxxx

All you protector of the pro-russian terrorist proxies and "IR" + "RI" are indeed so hilarious!

You think you succeeded yet with your historical 'revisionism' in favour of your russian oligarchic masters?

RethinkIran

Rethink Iran (TM) When I am silent, I have thunder hidden inside me.

Sorry, I like to call out those who are projecting :O)

ArvandRud

Arvand Rud Arvand Rud is the proper name of the "Shatt al Arab". Let's just say I would never sell out Iran to the mullahs or the communists.

This article does a good job of explaining the historical influence of Russia in Iran. It moves away from the common narrative of ''the great Satan'' being the source of all of Iran's problems.

But I don't believe Russia is in a position, militarily, to conquer Iran. The author barely touched on the types of manipulation used during the Soviet era by the USSR in forming the various leftist parties that ultimately came together in 1979 to put khomeini in power and convinced millions of people that the prosperity they were experiencing under the Padeshahi system was ''just a trick by the shah to quiet the people while he and his western allies steal all of the oil wealth and turn us into Europeans.''

Also, the author fails to give unnecessary and unjustified credit to Dr. Mossadegh during his year and a half of running Iran's economy to the ground. In order to garner the sympathy of the pro- Mossadegh leftists, the author could have thrown in some anti- shah propaganda. This would have received the sympathy of the irrational, but influential, Pahlavi haters.

EXAMPLES OF PRO-MOSSADEGH ANTI-WESTERN TALKING POINTS ( the author did NOT use):

- Call Dr. Mossadegh ''democratically elected''- Indeed, he was ''parliamentary appointed'', just like every other prime minister under the shah. If we claim Mossadegh was democratically elected, then we must also take the same position regarding all of our prime ministers before and after his time in office.

- Give the Americans and British far more credit than they deserve in the 1953 countercoup. Never mention the fact that he ruled with dictatorial ''emergency powers'' or his assuming control of the military, locking out the majles when he realized his disastrous, uncompromising policies had alienated the population who initially supported him. The rigged referendum with no blind ballot box he used to justify his Ahmadinejad style of non-compromise.

All of these things were unconstitutional and definitely NOT the way one would expect a man with his credentials to behave. Ultimately, the Americans did put their two cents in and launched operation TPAJAX. It failed actually, and it wasn't until the next day that religious leaders like Kashani and royalist army officers along with thousands of average Iranians who still loved and respected the shah and did not appreciate what had become of Iran's economy rose up to topple this man's regime.

Finally, in order to get the sympathies of the IRI spokespersons in the west, the author could have thrown in some anti- American propaganda.

Exposing the fact that Iran simply switched from allying itself with America before the revolution to becoming pawns in the hands of Russia and China afterward, does not sit well with these ''revolutionaries''. After all, their entire revolution was BASED on the anti-Western narrative and moving away from that would discredit the ruling mullah regime completely.



dale

dale 72, radical egalitarian, vegan

Call Dr. Mossadegh ''democratically elected''- Indeed, he was ''parliamentary appointed'',

.......after being elected to Parliament. He was appointed by the Shah after the Prime Minister was assassinated. In 52, Parliament approved him for a second term.

Many nations considered democratic have this system of Parliament choosing the leaders from among themselves, after being elected to Parliament.

He was certainly not removed from office democratically!

ArvandRud

Arvand Rud Arvand Rud is the proper name of the "Shatt al Arab". Let's just say I would never sell out Iran to the mullahs or the communists.

With all due respect Dale, if you had read the words immediately following my comment that ''he was parliamentary appointed'', you would have noticed that it says: '' If we consider Mossadegh democratically elected, then we must take the same position regarding all of our prime ministers before and after his time in office.''

All of Iran's prime ministers were elected by the majles and then appointed by the shah.

I have nothing against Dr. Mossadegh. I consider him a nationalist who ultimately wanted the best for Iran just like the shah did. But I also know how popular the shah was in the 1950's. Dr. Mossadegh had failed to reach an agreement with Britain for almost a year and a half. The economy was devastated and millions of Iranians had come to hold Dr. Mossadegh's uncompromising and stubborn policies responsible for the tragic turn of events.

It has also been noted that most of the material written about the 1953 coup does not mention Dr. Mossadegh's multiple transgressions of Iran's constitution. His refusing to respect the shah's farman (order) ultimately dismissing him was completely illegal and undemocratic.

Please also read about the assassination of the previous prime minister by Islamist radicals and how this event tied into his long time bid for that office. You will notice how Dr. Mossadegh used street thugs in demonstrations in support of himself and his own connections with clerics like ayatollah Kashani that initially supported him.

You could also read about his ''referendum''. This was a referendum with no blind ballot box. ( As you probably know, that meant everyone, including the officers present at the voting station were able to see who people were voting for)

Khomeini, Stalen and Saddam Hussein used blind ballot boxes all of the time and would also claim 97% of the vote; just like Dr. Mossadegh did. Hitler was even, himself, parliamentary appointed and went on to become a dictator.

My point is that Dr. Mossadegh, just like the shah, went beyond the constitutional limits of his office to try and improve the lives of his people. One of them did succeed in improving the lives of Iranians. The other was remade in the minds of various leftist and pro- Mossadegh groups who wanted to tell a great story.

These leftist intellectuals created a myth about '' a democratic country prospering under a democratic leader who was removed by the evil imperialists who then brought misery and destruction to Iran by installing a puppet regime.''

Needless to say the American left-wing loves this myth. It justifies all of their anti- Imperialist talking points and it is rather easy to simply lump the shah together with real fascist puppets like Pinochet.

Not that I have any problems with the left. I believe the shah, himself, was inclined to sympathize with socialist causes like: Giving women equal rights as men; distribution of the former aristocrats' and mullahs' lands to the peasants; Iran's first social security program (1975); literacy programs and reinvestment of the oil profits to develope Iran's infrastructure ( which the Americans constantly warned him not to do); and more...

The shah was a nationalist who loved his country and wanted it to take its rightful place among the most advanced nations in the world. But he did make some mistakes. That is another post that I am willing to address if you want to talk about it.

I think you are a fairly intelligent person who is open to such discussions as long as we don't let it devolve into the type of name calling some other anti-Pahlavi dialogues have unfortunately become in the past. ( I'm not referring to you, but 2 or 3 people who you could probably guess the user names of, though I won't mention them)

amirparvizforsecularmonarchy

amirparvizforsecularmonarchy I Love Waterfalls and Find One of the most humorous things in the world; is the notion that Americans are a greater force for good & more civilized than Nazi's, Mullahs and Communists.

Mossadegh was removed according to the constitution, based on the highest law of the land, after he used absolute power to dissolve parliament. His was an undemocratic act as well as an unpatriotic one, for a leader to dissolve the very parliament than appointed him. Yuck, it makes me sick talking about a fascist, repubican, hitler shntizels. BBC helped him create Nationalist credentials, the same nation he would screw and lose major fines to BP for unnecessarily breaching our obligations. For a traitor like Mossad-ugh to be called a Nationalist is Propaganda to the Maximum. Just thought you'd like to know how others view the democracy fuhrer Mossad-ugh

HoshangTarehgol5

Hoshang Tarehgol An injury to one is an injury to all.

30th of Tir (July 21, 1952) was much more important than what occurred in parliament. On that day Dr. Mohammad Mosadegh (RIP) was elected on the shoulder of Iranian people on the streets of Tehran. And that was as close to direct democracy as we have had so far.

http://www.mohammadmossadegh.com/biography/30-tir/

alimostofi

Ali Mostofi Astrology, Current Affairs. Princeton Class of 1981. Iranian.com member since 2005 http://iranian.com/main/member/alimostofi.html http://iranian.com/mostofi.html

Oh of course with two thirds of the Majlis absent. That is not democracy.

RethinkIran

Rethink Iran (TM) When I am silent, I have thunder hidden inside me.

"The only thing worst than ignorance is the illusion of knowledge." -Boorstin

This piece is rifled with errors, misaligned variables of history, and beats the dead horse based upon rightful skepticism over other nation's natural desires. I take great issue with any article by anyone that claims to want to tender items to an Iranian audience, but woefully and incorrectly calls the "Persian Gulf" anything but.

The irony is indeed evidenced right above, where the author yet still places an old map under the mistake with the full name clearly labelled, "PERSIAN GULF". This is a sore spot for my people. It shall never be encroached again. I can recognize this script and I am none too pleased.

Now, the big spend issues. Putin and Lavrov represent two different spheres of influence in Russia, both of them being Eurasian strategists. This is why Zbigniew Brzezinski et. al. are directly strategizing its hedge.

The Bolsheviks and Communists represented an entirely different power faction stemming from the Rothschild cartel. The Rothschilds are the founders of Bolshevism cum Communism, the tutors to Mao (now a discarded sphere of influence for China's nationalists), the founders of the IRS and "Federal" Reserve in America, plus the direct founders of the Zionist project known as Israel. The Iranian government tenders its enmity right in many regards that the author chooses to pretend is an act of lacking appreciation.

Now, instead, place the Sykes-Picot Agreement into this equation and all of its modern manifestations, and you will instead see the true enemy of the Iranian people, and those who disguise them and their deeds.

www.RethinkIran.com

P.Galenous

P_J. An Iranian!

Great quote from Rumi!

amirparvizforsecularmonarchy

amirparvizforsecularmonarchy I Love Waterfalls and Find One of the most humorous things in the world; is the notion that Americans are a greater force for good & more civilized than Nazi's, Mullahs and Communists.

Thank you for the article. In all fairness, it should be noted that Russia is exploiting Iran today by just doing business with the IRI. Anything in service of the western imposed democracy for extremists is harmful to Iranians because decisions are made and go in to the hands of the most ignorant and inept Iranians the mullahs and their equally stupid supporters.

It was Russia in cooperation with the late Shah in the 60's and 70's, that however helped break Iran free of western Domination and Russian Domination by delivering a Steel industry which all others in the west had denied the sale of to Iran despite agreements to deliver which they would never honor. So at a certain time they were fully in support of Iran's Freedom and Independence in contrast to the Democratic Systems who's policy is also the Domination of Iran and working with any nowkars/water boys they can like Mossadegh to help impoverish Iranians and take actions that delivered immense loses to BP for all Iranians to lose on oil Income that was theirs in fines.

NiloufarParsi

Niloufar Parsi http://niloufarparsi.wordpress.com

are you in support of foreign economic sanctions against Iran Amir?

Lynx

Lynx

It is not a cookie-cutter process. Friendship of the nations is rooted in their common interest. Closest friends sometimes experience flickers of disinterest. However, the grand contributors to the national interest hardly change; they are geopolitics; shipping routs and natural resources.

Lynx

Lynx

Armenia and Iran have been close friends for a very long time. However, Armenia has built a complex road system in their side, an airport and signed a major military treaty at 2007 for Russians to patrol Iranian-Armenian border. The question is this, why? Was this "treaty" contemplated by Armenians, or it was Russians who forced it to Armenia? Regardless of the answer, Russians are massing across the border from Iran again.

Iranian-Armenian Border Length: Approximately, 30 Miles that means one Russian troop for every few yards!

Iranian side: A trade post, couple of isolated villages and mountainous train.

Armenian Side: Multiple facilities, road and a military-style airport, 30,000 Russian troops, 102nd Russian Military Base, 18 MiG-29s and full set of S-300 anti-aircraft missiles.

Again, the fundamental question is this; why? [ you can easily find this information on Google]

P.Galenous

P_J. An Iranian!

World is on a hair trigger defense against Russia, due to the situation in Ukraine and Crimea...any wrong Russian move could turn this cold war into the HOT one!

dale

dale 72, radical egalitarian, vegan

Do you still think Bush was a great man and that the War on Iraq was a brilliant idea?

P.Galenous

P_J. An Iranian!

Bush has already been voted as one of the worst Presidents, if not the worst! Nothing that he did or did not do, made any sense...his actions may have been the cause, reason or impetus to ISIS!

P.Galenous

P_J. An Iranian!

Believe that Armenia, as Niloufar stated, owes her independence/sovereignty to Iran!

And to answer you question, regarding the Russians forces patrolling their borders, I would venture to say that it must have been forced down their throat the same way they had "secured" Georgia by invasion, the land that was colonized by Imperial Russia 150 years ago or so, from Iran!

Although, its foolish to feel paranoid at this juncture, since they would never dare to attack; considering how well they performed in Afghanistan. Yet it would be prudent to have our guards up and exercise many contingency plans.

NiloufarParsi

Niloufar Parsi http://niloufarparsi.wordpress.com

Why what?

Why engage in so much anti-Russian propaganda?

Why aren't you aware of an obvious strategic alliance between Russia and Armenia against Turkey?

Why wouldn't Russia place weapons on Turkey's borders when the latter brought NATO to encircle Russia's sphere of influence?

Why are you trying to portray Armenia as somehow the agent of Russian colonisation of Iran when no such thing exists in reality?

Why aren't you aware of the fact that Armenia probably owes its independence to Iran?

Why spread so much senseless garbage and propaganda from the comfort of the empire's bosom?

Let me guess the answer:

$$$,$$$ ?!

AnonymousObserver

Anonymous Observer

Russia has a "sphere of influence?!!" I thought that as opposed to the imperialist West, Russia had no imperialist ambitions. :-)

NiloufarParsi

Niloufar Parsi http://niloufarparsi.wordpress.com

what did you expect AO?

How old are you, if you don't mind me asking?

AnonymousObserver

Anonymous Observer

I'm 72, just like Dale...with the exception that I'm not an egalitarian. I'm an elitist. I am, however, a vegan like him. :-)

NiloufarParsi

Niloufar Parsi http://niloufarparsi.wordpress.com

mashallah, you're obviously very young for a 72 year old! :)

and no, you can't ask about mine!

P_J..

P_J..

Russia is, has been and will be an imperialist power...and so is the US and the weakened, failing Britain. They should all be criticized, controlled and stopped. And the "HOW" part would be a great question to ponder!

cyrousmoradi

cyrous moradi I am interested in Mathematics , literature and International relations. I wish to publish my stories . No publisher dares to do so. I think they have good reasons !! No body waste time and money to buy and read my books !!!!

The desire of Russia to colonize Iran is not unusual. There are no ethics in politics.
Most of the United States Southern States , once were Mexico's territories and even today they are speaking in Spanish. Occupaying the neighbour countries is a normal trend in the International affairs .
............. But. what Iranian politicians can not realize at least during the last 200 years is the world map and international bindings and geopolitics. As the author of the article already mentioned we discovered United States as a super power very late.
Even we were nor aware of Japanese naval might.
Iranian constitutional revolution came after Japanese defeated Russia in the Pacific.
Sill in the 2014 we are saying " Down with U.S" and others.
Hasanian Hikal , a famous Araab journalist , once said a brave comments about Middle East citizens and Politicians :
Israelian thinks globaly and weigh all countries in their relations , otheres in Middle east thinks tribaly and family !!!
We can not cange the mind and deeds of others but we can change ourselves every day and can adjust ourselves with last developments.

P.Galenous

P_J. An Iranian!

Those circumstances are too unreal and conspiratorial to be evaluated or considered. When we witnessed the great Soviet Army's defeat in the hand of a rag tag Afghan resistance!

dale

dale 72, radical egalitarian, vegan

rag tag and funded and armed by the greatest military power on earth (which itself was unable to defeat a barefoot 3d world army in Vietnam, not to mention its failure in Iraq, Libya, Syria, and, yes, Afghanistan.

Without US support, today it is likely or at least possible that Afghanistan would be a secular, progressive state, with womens' rights and other benefits. On the other hand, the US has been defeated without the insurgents having to rely on a superpower.

P.Galenous

P_J. An Iranian!

I disagree with you on the issue of Afghanistan. And what it could have been had Soviets stayed. Soviets had no legitimate reason to attack and invade Afghanistan. Furthermore colonialism is colonialism by any other name...and nations have perfect right to expel the "want a be" invaders as the heroic nation of Vietnam did and rightfully so. The days that imperialists would walk in and enslave others are gone. If Russian were true to their words, something they have never been, they would have helped Afghans today...they owe it to them for the genocidal holocaust they had created, murdering millions!

BTW, US's military aid was confined to shoulder held anti aircraft missile batteries...while small arms flow from Iran. As a result, when "great" Soviet Military lost their air cover, and mountainous terrain made it impossible to utilize their tanks...their supremacy vanished, they were defeated and ran!

Samanro

Saman Just Iran and politics.

I dont think any Iranian should trust a super power, whether it be russia, america, china etc.. cause all regional and super powers always have an agenda behind their actions. Saying that, im glad russia took away the caucasus and north azerbeyjan from Iran, otherwise Persians would be a minority in their own country. Northern azeris, afghans, pashtuns, armenians and most kurds do not want to unite with Iran and quite frankly they dont even like us. Northern azeris today are in majority a panturkic supporting people and state and despise Iran.

We as Persians and Iranians dont need more land as we have enough resources and land already to carry make our nation better, economically and in terms of military power, we just need better leadership. We need to focus on our own country for mow amd make sure that our nation truly follows a Persian identity, culture and mentality, and all Iranians and ethnic Persians from abroad who consider themselves Persian are welcome to help and be a part of this movement.

Furthermore, the caucasus would only serve as a burden on Iran.

amirparvizforsecularmonarchy

amirparvizforsecularmonarchy I Love Waterfalls and Find One of the most humorous things in the world; is the notion that Americans are a greater force for good & more civilized than Nazi's, Mullahs and Communists.

javid shah , shah-han-shah iran. fyi farsi speaking tajikestan, turkmenistan and uzbekistan their people if given the chance would vote to be a part of Iran/persia and would give Iran a stable and secure direct route to ship resources to many places like china, the pacific rim, india and kazakhstan. So our move easter wards gives us the most united population and most culturally, economically and alliance wise secure and stable country. The Russians and West will oppose it, which is why they cut them off Iran in the first place but most of the world will recognize the peoples local voice and respect it.

Samanro

Saman Just Iran and politics.

The ethnic parts of northern afghanistan, uzbekistan, turkmenkstan and Persian tajikestan woukd probably join Iran, atleast a union if not 1 . country, but not all of turkmenistan or uzbekistan.

amirparvizforsecularmonarchy

amirparvizforsecularmonarchy I Love Waterfalls and Find One of the most humorous things in the world; is the notion that Americans are a greater force for good & more civilized than Nazi's, Mullahs and Communists.

Northern Afghanistan is not likely or necessary, uzbek and turkmenistan would be majority support 51% and Tajikistan more than 70%. All we need is a King and a Desire to focus on the same Guiding Principles as the Late Shah followed. Once again we need a modern advanced armed forces, except this time everything has to be manufactured in Iran and replacement technology needs to be in Iranian hands regardless of who invented it or owns the licenses. Every time these western democracies economies goes down they start a war in a korea, a vietnam, an iraq, a libya, a syria and use the weapons sales to fuel themselves forward and out of their debts. (Iran/Iraq was profitable for some at the expense of others). We need not join them in this but we do need our own strategy against this and our own solutions on how to spur growth and become a core economy like the late shah worked for us to be, focusing on developing the people and massively investing in them and their careers.

P_J..

P_J..

Dear Amirparviz,

I would hate to have to inform you that you are completely INSANE!!!

amirparvizforsecularmonarchy

amirparvizforsecularmonarchy I Love Waterfalls and Find One of the most humorous things in the world; is the notion that Americans are a greater force for good & more civilized than Nazi's, Mullahs and Communists.

What qualifies you an expert on Insanity and Dictatorship, obviously you must have first hand experience with exercising these.

P.Galenous

P_J. An Iranian!

You writing could be considered a positive clue!

mahmooddelkhasteh

mahmood delkhasteh

This article is half told, then, it is filled with half-truth and that makes we to ask the question why? I do agree with most of the points which the author makes about Russia but, when it comes to the west, the author has a pro-western view and for that reason he gives the west a clean bill of health and see them as the good guy/s. For that reason in his lengthy historical review of Iran in the last two centuries, the author completely forgets to talk about the 1953 coup against Mussadegh(which in fact was a coup against democracy and Iran's independence), which the US presidents and a foreign ministers have apologized for. Why?

P_J..

P_J..

I believe, you hit the nail right on the head...He lacks objectivity and conveniently ignores mentioning the atrocities committed by the West, in the past and as we speak!