99.999% of Iran’s problems come from the sick and infected 1979 Khomeini constitution, that Khamenei illegally replaced with his own even more diseased one in 1989.
The current constitution grants him all of the nastiest power and better than that, unquestionable, unearned, and unauthorized influence over every single aspect of Iranian life. For life.
He is not accountable to any body or group or committee or congress that represents free Iranians.
Or Iranians are not free.
He can do as he wants, including the most egregious act of bringing the science fiction charge of imagining insults, including “thought crime" against any opponent. Who are currently young and old journalists, or his favorite delicacy, Iranian bloggers. Deliciously served cold, over a nice bed of moist electrodes, with a side of fresh hot rape. Mmmm! Mmmm! Mmmm!
All of this tyrannical brutality comes directly from the constitution, that Khamenei wrote, specifically to rule Iran like all of Iran’s absolute rulers and kings have ruled Iran before him.
However, this is not what a constitution is supposed to do. Of course to the average despot in the making, it certainly seems like a good way at the time. Especially if you can lock it in with religious authority, and a nice militia-intimidated referendum.
Or so Morsi thought.
A constitution though, is a broad basis document, that drives all the lesser smaller, more detailed laws of a country. It does not have to do much, other than outline the basics.
So, if I was to say, pull a Khamenei on you for a moment, and design one for Iran, it would go a little something like this:
I could skip a Bill of Rights, because the following things would be Free: Education, Choice, Religion, Speech, and of course Thought. :)
2-3 branches of elected government: President, Majles. A Supreme Court is optional, because this is a simple constitution, and there would not be much to interpret.
The President would "manage" the business of the country, as the country's business manager, for a 6 year term. She would submit budgets and expenditures, and plans of how to spend the oil revenues, and can choose her nominees for the various ministries, but the Majles would have to approve these budgets, plans, and appointments by a simple majority vote of at least 51%.
The Majles would make the laws that the people want made for the same 6 year term as the President. Majles can only create laws that do not change the Constitution, and do not change voting districts, and can impeach a bad President if needed, with a simple but overwhelming majority vote of 80%. (not 51%)
Unlimited parties, including socialists and communists. Elections are online, and are held the day before NoRooz. Voting districts are drawn up by the people through civic participation.
No taxes, just a national Sales tax. Religions that collect money must pay the Sales tax. Obviously.
No Military. So no wars. So no Death.
No Death penalty. So no government executed Death.
And finally, no religious leader will ever be allowed to run for any office or hold any official position. Including dog catcher.
I think that will work out just fine. Or feel free to add your own suggestions. Just try to keep it simple though, so we don't have to have a Supreme Court to interpret it.