Former Iranian president Abolhassan Bani Sadr, who now lives in exile in Paris, argues the use of the term “mohareb” by the Iranian government is excessive. He says the regime is not respecting its own laws, because the term “enemy of God” means someone who takes up arms against a just regime, and people did not take up arms against the regime, they were merely demonstrating to protest against dictatorship, a right which the law of the Islamic Republic gives them. Secondly, he argues, in the case of an unjust regime, the Koran says a muslim has not only the right, but the obligation to revolt against it. Thirdly, he adds, it was the government that fired on the people during Ashoura, when they were exercising their legitimate right to demonstrate.
Scott Lucas of the University of Birmingham in Britain, who is behind the popular Iran blog “Enduring America,” says government tactics such as charging protesters with being “enemies of God” are starting to cause a rift within the government itself. “If you look at what Dr. Etaat said during that extraordinary (Iranian TV) interview this week, this is a very telling point, which he said: when you use the term “velvet revolution” and the terms “enemy of God,” what you are pointing to is a revolution against an unjust system. You are highlighting how unjust the system is by using the terms. So, “mohareb,” rather than unifying people behind the Islamic Republic just risks causing more splits a… >>>