The Cradle of Democracy Greece was a Constitutional Monarchy with King Constantin II who reigned for more than 10 years before being toppled by a Military Junta on April 21st 1967. The Coup inspired Costa Gavras’ Z. It should be noted that Constantin’s elder Sister married future King Juan Carlos of Spain who was restored as King of Spain after General Franco’s death in 1976. Constantin was also close to Iran’s Royal Family and befriended the Shah and Shahbanou of Iran during his own years of exile when he visited Iran regularly. His Loyalty was also expressed to the Shah of Iran during the latter Persian King’s fall from power and was amongst the Rare foreign diginitaries who was present at the Shah’s funeral in Cairo in 1980.
Constantin’s failure in countering the Military Junta and his hesitations in fostering a successful counter Coup harmed his image in public opinion and the political class who initially supported the monarchy never quite forgave him.
The Monarchy was abolished by the Junta and led the King to Exile never to return as King but simply Greek Citizen after the fall of the Military Junta and the establishment of a Secular Republic after a national