All phases of the Moon for next six thousand year period are well known and scientifically plotted, it is possible to know exact position and emergence of the new moon even for a next million years. Yet unluckily the moon always get lost somewhere between Tehran and Najdiclouds! ; Muslims can’t seem to agree on the new moon? Was it there or not on 29th Aug 2011? Saudis saw it; but Iranians missed it for full 24 hours, the case of missing moon intrigues me to no end.
Muslims in the United States, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Jordan are celebrating Eid. Meanwhile, Muslims in Iran, Indonesia, South Africa, India, Pakistan and Oman are not celebrating Eid until Wednesday. Iran announced today that the new moon appeared today not yesterday as Saudis thought? A moon missing for 24 hours and not really felt by anyone is odd?
The tables available through the following NASA links give the date and time (Universal Time) of all phases of the Moon for the six thousand year period i.e. -1999 to +4000 (2000 BCE to 4000 CE) so why Muslims can’t seem to agree until this day ‘When is Eid?’
The new moon according to this ‘Phases of the Moon calculation for 2011 was on ‘Aug 29 03:04;’ for the year 2000, the length of the mean synodic month (New Moon to New Moon) is 29.530588 days (=29d12h44m03s). However, the length of any one synodic month can vary from 29.26 to 29.80 days due to perturbing effects of the Sun on the Moon’s eccentric orbit.
Saad al-Khathlan, professor of jurisprudence at Imam Mohammed bin Saud Islamic University in Saudi Arabia, told al-Anbaa newspaper of Kuwait that disagreements over deciding the first day of Ramadan or Eid have existed since the first days of Islam.
Each and every movement of moon and Index to Five Millennium Catalog of Lunar Eclipses is well recorded, it is an irrefutable truth the position of Sun and moon are life blood of our earthily living, how can we judge them wrong by 24-48 hours?
According to Khathlan ” for the past fourteen centuries, Muslims have never agreed to celebrate Eid on the same day.” They can easily agree the findings of sciences allows that unique luxury of unison of all people and nations; if all of them cannot agree as one on celebrating a feasts what else is harmony all about? Now the context is different unlike 100 years ago the world could have celebrated disconnected feasts but now a connected global village needs connected articulation of and expression feelings, if it matters to the Mullahs and Ayatollahs.
Clergy can find that Orbital science is not an alien subject in context of Quran but still the dispute remains.
“Allah is the One who made the sun a shining object and the moon as a light, and measured out (their) stages, that you may know the number of years and the count (of time), Allah did not create this but in truth; He (thus) explains His signs in detail, for those who understand.” (The Quran, 10:5) “By the sky full of paths and orbits.” The Quran, 51:7) The entire universe is full of paths and orbits. “(Allah is the) One who created the night , and the day, and the sun and the moon, swim along, each in its (own) orbit.” (21:33) “It is not permitted to the sun to overtake the moon, nor can the night outstrip the day, each swims along in its (own) orbit.” (36:40)
It is mentioned in another verse, too, that the Sun is not static but moves in a definite orbit.
“The sun runs on its fixed course for a term (appointed); that is the decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.” (Yaseen 36:38) Going by orbits and discipline of nature, moon will appear at a fixed time and can be recorded for thousands of years, but reason should get an upper hand over the war of theocratic struggle.
Saudis were dead right today for a change. It is not permissible to fast on ‘Eid day, based on the sayings reported from the Prophet that forbid observing Sawm (Fasting) on the days of ‘Eid-ul-Fitr. (the Festival of Breaking the Fast)There are very few certainties in life, death is one though a morbid thought but pertinent in context of what I want to say. Sun rise, sunset and new moon, solar eclipse and lunar eclipse with all their movement are part of a complex system that we call our solar system. Solar system and orbital science is one of the obvious few tell tale signs of natures discipline.
There are very few certainties in life, death is one though a morbid thought but pertinent in context of what I want to say. Sun rise, sunset and new moon, solar eclipse and lunar eclipse with all their movements are part of a complex system that we call our solar system. Solar system and orbital science is one of the obvious few tell tale signs of natures discipline.
When reason and logic is considered as secondary to ritual and custom, science becomes ineffective. It is good to see that all the latest strategic deadly weapons are properly employed, so are deadly projectiles to kill and also in the field of medicine the latest scientific discoveries are employed but this small little thing of the ‘position of the new moon ‘that creates so much of consternation and anguish and quarrel cannot be agreed upon.
Please leave this to Astronomical science and scientific calculations ; lunar and solar cycles are the only certainty; we have otherwise a collapse of our solar system, a moon that loses it path and delays its appearance by 24 hours will create mass calamitous devastation on the earth orbital movements. We will annihilate!