During a speech ( exact date, location ? ) at a public gathering of workers, University teachers and industry entrepreneurs, the Shah of Iran deplores the shortcomings in terms of qualified executives and insists on the importance of developing the nation’s technical schools instead of sending workers abroad (to Federal Germany) for further training only to come back boasting about their qualifications only to sit behind a desk. He then criticizes those male traditionalists who refuse to work on days of religious mournings (aka”Azah Dary”) while their wives and or daughters (who normally work half the amount of time in the same companies) as a result often have to double their efforts in order to compensate for the delays.
Eventhough Safavids were not the first Shia rulers in Iran, they played a crucialrole in making Shia Islam the official religion in the whole of Iran. There were large Shia communities in some cities like Qom and Sabzevar as early as the 8th century. In the 10th and 11th centuries the Buwayhids, who were of the Zaidiyyah branch of Shia,ruled in Fars, Isfahanand Baghdad. As a result of the Mongol conquest and the relative religious tolerance of the Ilkhanids, Shia dynasties were re-established in Iran, Sarbedaranin Khorasanbeing the most important. The Ilkhanid ruler Öljaitü converted to Twelver Shiism in the 13th century.
Following his conquest of Iran, Ismail I made conversion mandatory for the largely Sunnipopulation. The Sunni Ulemaor clergy were either killed or exiled. Ismail I, despite his heterodox Alevi Shia beliefs (Momen,1985), brought in mainstream Ithnā‘ashariyyahShi’a religious leaders and granted them land and money in return for loyalty.Later, during the Safavid and especially Qajar period, the ShiaUlema’s power increased and they were able to exercise a role, independent ofor compatible with the government. Despite the Safavid’s Sufi origins, most Sufi groups were prohibited, except the Nimatullahi order.
Iran became a feudal theocracy: the Shah was held to be the divinelyordained head of state and religion.
In the following centuries, this religious stance cemented both Iran’s internalcohesion and national feelings and provoked attacks by its Sunni neighbors. (More Here)