Missle attack, Khayyam Street, April 17, 1988.
By Jassem Ghazban-pour
November 12, 2001
Civilians suffer in every war or conflict. On September 11, 2001, thousands
of Americans died in a single day. During the war between Iran and Iraq
(1980-88), thousands died during Iraqi attacks on Iranian cities, towns
and villages. Iran at first refrained from targetting civilians, but later
responded to Iraqi missile attacks with missile attacks mostly against Baghdad.
These photographs by Jassem Ghazban-pour are from Asseman va Zamin
(Sky and Earth, 1997, Tehran Municipality). They show the aftermath
of missile attacks on Tehran, bomb shelters, and preparations for possible