Looking back, looking ahead
February 9, 1998
On February 3, those on THE IRANIAN TIMES mailing list were asked about their views on the political events of 1978 and 1979 which led to the downfall of the monarchy. The following are the results compiled from their replies. To see comments from survey respondents, click here.
Total emails on THE IRANIAN TIMES mailing list................... 6,145
Total respondents to the survey................................ 261
The events in 1978 and 1979 which led to the downfall of the monarchy can be best described as ...
( 43.68 % ) a revolution mainly for the establishment of a democratic
state with secular & Islamic values
( 22.22 % ) a revolution mainly for the establishment of a democratic state with secular values
( 17.24 % ) massive riots instigated by foreign powers to keep Iran weak and exploit its resources
( 13.80 % ) a revolution mainly for the establishment of an Islamic state
( 03.06 % ) None of the above
The 1978-79 movement should be called ...
( 38.31 % ) The Iranian Revolution
( 26.05 % ) The 1979 Revolution
( 18.00 % ) The Islamic Revolution
( 06.14 % ) The National Revolution
( 11.50 % ) None of the above
As a whole, the 1978-79 movement was generally a ...
( 36.02 % ) positive development which will ultimately lead Iran to
( 31.42 % ) positive development which changed direction for the worse
( 21.07 % ) negative development which will continue to take Iran backward
( 08.43 % ) historic development which is no longer relevant
( 03.06 % ) No response
The demands and aspirations of the 1978-79 movement ...
( 67.05 % ) have not been realized in many aspects
( 13.79 % ) have mostly been realized in religious aspects
( 08.05 % ) have been realized in most aspects
( 11.11 % ) None of the above
The worst consequence of the 1978-79 movement has been (choose only one)* ...
( 32.18 % ) lack of respect for basic freedoms & human life
( 31.80 % ) the clergy's monopoly on power
( 15.71 % ) imposition of rigid religious laws in public and private affairs
( 12.26 % ) fanaticism & instability
( 02.68 % ) in general, there have been no bad consequences
( 00.77 % ) No response
* 12 respondents (or 04.60 %) marked more than one consequence but their choices were not calculated.
The best consequence of the 1978-79 movement has been (choose only one) ...
( 44.06 % ) independence/end of foreign powers' influence
( 29.51 % ) In general, there have been no good consequences
( 14.94 % ) greater emphasis on helping the poor and developing rural areas
( 05.36 % ) the emergence of Islam as a viable political and social force
( 03.83 % ) relative increase in political, individual freedoms
( 02.30 % ) No response