Nowadays Mandarin language is becoming more and more popular due to the thriving ecconomy of China, but Mandarin is extremely difficult to learn, English has been long used as an international language at least for several decades, but English language is not linguistically the best option for an international language, unless and until it is made easier gramaticlly, orthographically,and phonetically.
Espetanto on the other hand is an artificial language invented by a Polish physician about 135 years ago. It is very simple and easy to learn, there are only sixteen grammatical rules and no exceptions. It gets all the indo europrpan language involved.There is an Internation Esperantist organization that promotes it and the members of this organization teach the language voluntarily in almost every country in the world . Back in 1980s and 1990, the language was becoming really important in the world, but unfortunately it lost impetus.
Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto ("Esperanto" translates as "one who hopes"), the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, on July 26, 1887. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy-to-learn and politically neutral language that transcends nationality and would foster peace and international understanding between people with different regional and/or national languages.
Estimates of Esperanto speakers range from 10,000 to 2,000,000 active or fluent speakers, as well as perhaps a thousand native speakers, that is, people who learned Esperanto from birth as one of their native languages. Esperanto has a notable presence in over a hundred countries. Usage is highest in Europe, East Asia, and South America.
The first World Congress of Esperanto was organized in France in 1905. Since then congresses have been held in various countries every year with the exception of years in which there were world wars. Although no country has adopted Esperanto officially, Esperanto was recommended by the French Academy of Sciences in 1921 and recognized in 1954 by UNESCO (which later, in 1985, also recommended it to its member states). In 2007 Esperanto was the 32nd language that adhered to the "Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment (CEFR)".
As of October 2011, the Esperanto Wikipedia had the 27th highest count of Wikipedia articles. Esperanto is currently the language of instruction of the International Academy of Sciences in San Marino.
There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a superior foundation for learning languages in general, and some primary schools teach it as preparation for learning other foreign languages. On February 23, 2012, Google Translate added Esperanto as its 64th language. (Wikipedia)
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