The coming rebirth or renaissance of Iran started about one hundred
years ago and can be divided into three phases, just like the three
trimesters of human gestation.
first phase: Early 1900s with the constitutional movement leading to the
end of the reactionary Qajar dynasty.
second phase: Pahlavi period from 1921 to 1979: About 58 years of
steady, progressive constructive building of the physical and cultural
infrastructures and organizational cohesion necessary as reliable
and sustainable foundations of a modern country.
Unfortunately this period of growth and development was negatively
and adversely impacted by various counterproductive forces including:
1) “Future shock”, the intensely disruptive, destablizing and confusing
impact of rapid modernizing changes. These changes occurred too fast
and exceeded the psychological and cultural adaptive capacities of most
of the population.
2) The intense political tensions of the Cold War were severely stressful
and disruptive in Iran’s internal political processes, misdirecting these
away from an open, transparent democracy, and , instead, producing a
repressive police-state dictatorship.
3) The oil companies continued to actively and maliciously undermine,
sabotage and destroy all Iranian efforts at building and improving their
Third phase: The revolutionary and very destructive reactions to the
negative dynamics of the Pahlavi period led to the current regressive
The single most important and outstanding fact of these last hundred
years has been the overall steady progress of the Iranian people to
increasingly higher levels of modernity and sophistication, with overall
underlying positive trends and currents for the people as a whole.
It is notable that, in its relatively peripheral and protected location, it took
Japan about 70 years (1880,s to 1950,) to achieve a form of democracy.
It has taken China (with a history more similar to Iran’s) about 97 years
(1910’s to present) to just begin to find its way toward a democracy.
In a post-theocratic Iran, progress toward a true democracy and prosperity
should be rapid. Iran has paid its dues in blood, sacrifice and suffering,
and will shortly become a viable secular democracy and a positive force in the
Middle East. It is never so dark as at midnight and just before the Dawn
of a New Day and Sunrise! After all, the Rising Sun, Iran’s national
symbol, does always rise in the East!