Nabuwat or the prophecy of Muhammad is one the five pillars of Islam and in fact the requisite one. It is to believe in the prophecy of Muhammad “Muhammad-al- Rrassul-Allah.”
The sources of information about the personal life of Muhammad are reduced to the Koran, “Sirah” (biography of the Prophet), and some parts of the Hadiths which are considered as “Sahih” (reliable). However these give us sufficient information to pass a general judgment on the prophet of Islam and his alleged prophecy.
Nothing will be wrong if we suppose that Muhammad is a person with all social and cultural norms of his time. However, almost 100 “surahs” (verses) of the Koran attempt to confirm the claim of Nabuwat and as if all these surahs were not enough, Islamic scholars have additionally narrated different sayings over different periods and circumstances to endorse the belief on Nabuwat, but his prophecy has never been proved or unquestionably accepted by some famous scholars like Ibn Sina, Farabi, and Razi.
Before the alleged Nabuwat, according to many resources, Muhammad was a reliable caravan-businessman (Muhammad-al- amin), working for his belated wealthy wife, Khadijah, as her caravan leader. Later, as a self-appointed prophet in Mecca, he showed a messiah attitude-sage– a poetic man with peculiar but harmless personality traits. After 10 years of prophecy, he was forced to leave his hometown, Mecca, and his migration–“Hijrat”– to Medina in 622, an event which had a far-reaching effect upon Islamic History. Without Hijrat, like several alleged prophets of his time, his fame of prophecy could have faded out right after his death in Mecca and the subcontinent of Arabia would not know about him.
In Medina, he declared that God had sent him to mankind till the Day of Judgment, so Medina became a military field of Muhammad’s ambitions. As “Swords-prophet” of Allah, he suddenly turned to his very personal ambitions, he misused the Allah-commanded rules and the existing traditional norms of society; he went so far to violate ethical rules of his own religion to achieve his whims. As such, he had the privilege of having more wives than was permitted under his own Islamic law. He even had the controversial right to marry his daughter-in-law, Zainab–she had to divorce the Prophet’s adopted son (Zaid) to marry Muhammad. As a husband, he had the advantage to arbitrarily treat his wives as he liked.
In his financial exploits, he allowed himself the right to rob caravans (for which other robbers would have been beheaded), or to impose humiliating “Jizya” (taxes charged from non-Muslims) on “Dhimmis” (subjugated Christian and Jewish minorities living in the early Islamic community). He ordered the confiscation of lands and properties from “Dhimmis”, his enemies. He openly claimed that “the spoils of war, including the widows of killed enemies, were made lawful unto me”. He gave orders to murder many “infidels”.
According to Ali Dashti, while Muhammad surrounded Mecca in 632, a compromise of capitulation was achieved: Muhammad accepted a peaceful capitulation of Mecca; in exchange for a general amnesty for the population, though excluding certain individuals like Ibn Abdullah, who was one of Muhammad’s early companions and wrote down manuscripts of the Koran for him. He was executed because of having publicly declared the man-made origin of the Koran.
Although Muhammad accepted the peace treaty, on his return from Mecca to Medina, he attacked a group of Bedouins en route and so the treaty was voided. Apologetic historians said people of Mecca received Muhammad with opened arms, as Persians did under “despotic” Sassanids. Many similar sayings by scholars like those of Ali Dashti leave us evidences at hand to raise a simple but taboo question to how such a person could be divine, let alone Nabuwat.
Two dynasties of Islamic Golden Age, Omayyad and Abbasid established an Islamic empire containing a vast part of the then glob, thanks to their jihadi swordsmen. Iran was one of their first preys fallen under Caliph Omar and continued to be occupied under Othman, Ali, and several more caliphs. Massacred, enslaved, and long humiliated, Iran was officially occupied by Muslims during two centuries, and then Iran fell in the hands of Iranian Muslim dynasties.
Today, thanks to political Islam, by present day Iranians are living under the rule of an Islamic regime. After the current acts of stoning, misogynistic crimes, amputation, religious persecution and many other barbaric acts , all committed by the name of Islam, the people of Iran are becoming more curious to find out about the real version of Islam and especially the historical process in which Iran became Muslim. The people of Iran, as the 14-century-long victims of Islam, have now right to cast serious doubts on anything related to islam, including the core pillar of Islam, the Nabuwat. Today an increasing part of Iranians cast doubt or do not believe in Nabuwat. Was Mount of Hira, near Mecca, Muhammad’s first rendez-vous with God’s angel all about a tale? Iranians are in conditions to ask themselves such timely questions.