Two Major Fallacious Arguments: 1) Ad Hominem and 2) Ad Populum


Hope you enjoy watching this interesting video clip on these themes (From start to Minute 1:35). For these two major fallacies, please share your specific examples helpful to everyone here.

Two of the most common non-rational appeals are these two argumentum.

1)  Fallacy Ad Hominem: This Latin phrase means “argument against the person” (attacking the person instead of arguing his point in case).  The person’s argument or claim is completely rejected by attacking the character and/or credibility of the person instead of arguing her/his point in case. Moreover, the attack is used as evidence against the claim or argument of this person. The validity (truth) of claim or argument remains unchallenged and uncertain.

2)  Fallacy Ad Populum: This Latin phrase means “appeal to the people” (a certain stance is true because the majority believes so). This argumentum appeals to the majority and/or popularity. It simply concludes a claim or argument to be true for the reason that many or all people consider it true.  The basis of this fallacy is that when the sheer numbers of people who agree to a claim or an argument is large, then the assertion must be true. This fallacy is also referred to as the “appeal to emotion” since emotional appeals often influence the people as a whole.

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