مادر جزنی

تمام زندگی اش سرشار از مقاومت در برابر استبداد بود


Share/Save/Bookmark

مادر جزنی
by Mansoureh Behkish
21-Feb-2012
 

دوستان عزیز، درود بر شما. امید روزهای بهتری را پیش رو داشته باشیم، این نیز بگذرد. شنبه 29 بهمن، قرار بود مراسم یادبود مادر جزنی در ساعت 4 تا 6 در سالن رستوران آ - اس - پ تهران برگزار شود. در ساعت سه بعدازظهر یعنی یک ساعت مانده به برگزاری مراسم، اداره اماکن اجازه برگزاری مراسم را لغو کرد و برنامه یادبود برگزار نشد. متنی توسط اینجانب نوشته شده و قرار بود در این مراسم خوانده شود که با اندک تغییر خدمتتان تقدیم می کنم. می توانید آن را برای دوستان خود نیز بفرستید. با تشکر - منصوره بهکیش

******

من در كجاي جهان ايستاده ام
با باري از فريادهاي خفته و خونين
اي سرزمين من
من در كجاي جهان ايستاده ام

-- خسرو گلسرخی

در هنگام پیری با او آشنا شدم و گاهی با یکی دو تن از مادران به دیدارش می رفتیم. در خانه سالمندان اسکان گزیده بود، در آنجا آرام ولی محکم بود. وابستگی زیادی به وسایل شخصی اش از جمله: یخچال،تلویزیون، میز توالت و غیرو داشت و از این وسایل مانند جان مراقبت می کرد و به کسی اجازه جا به جا کردن نمی داد. شاید هر یک از این وسایل، خاطراتی را برای او زنده می کرد و نمی خواست این خاطرات را از دست بدهد.

مدتی هم قبل از اینکه به خانه سالمندان برود، توسط یکی از دوستان نگه داری می شد و زمانی که دیگر نگه داری از او مشکل شده بود، خانه سالمندان شفا را به دلیل حضور مادر میلانی پیشنهاد دادند و او هم خانه مادر میلانی شد. یکی دو سالی با هم در آنجا زندگی کردند تا اینکه مادر میلانی را برای مراقبت های بیشتر به خانه سالمندان دیگری منتقل کردند ولی او همچنان تمایل داشت در همان محل بماند.

مادر لطفی از جمله کسانی بود که همواره به مادر جزنی همچون دیگر یاران اش کمک می کرد تا سلامتی شان را به دست آورند، حتی در همین اواخر برای معالجه او و بازگرداندنش به زندگی تلاش های بسیاری کرد. پس از فوت اش نیز برای بهتر برگزار شدن مراسم یادبودش مانند یک دختر یا خواهر عاشق دوید و دوید، ولی هیهات که این کوته نظران، توان دیدن بزرگداشت یک مادر درد کشیده را نداشتند و برنامه را به هم زدند.   

دوستان و آشنایان همواره به دیدار مادر جزنی می رفتند، برخی دسته جمعی و برخی نیز به تنهایی و او را گرامی می داشتند. او همواره در کشوی میزش شکلات داشت و به میهمانان تعارف می کرد، زیرا پسرش بیژن شکلات خیلی دوست داشت.

مادر جزنی ماه پیش سکته ای خفیف کرد و خون در چشم اش لخته شد، چشم دیگرش نیز قبلا تخلیه شده بود و با سکته اخیر به طور کامل بینایی اش را از دست داد و بالاخره طاقت نیاورد و در جمعه 21 بهمن 1390 زندگی را بدرود گفت و دوشنبه 24 بهمن در قطعه 8 بهشت زهرا به خاک سپرده شد. او دوست داشت در قطعه 33 بهشت زهرا کنار پسرش به خاک سپرده شود، ولی مسئولین بهشت زهرا اعلام کرده بودند برای دو طبقه کردن گورهای قطعه سی و سه باید مبلغ سی میلیون تومان بپردازند و احتمالا این گران کردن بی حد و اندازه عامدانه بوده که این امکان را از خانواده اش بگیرند و آنها هم قطعه 8 که همجوار قطعه 33 است را به عنوان محل دفن اش انتخاب کردند.

مراسم خاک سپاری او با حضور تعدادی از فامیل و دوستان و یاران مادر و بیژن از تهران و شهرستان با آرامش و به سادگی برگزار شد، هر چند انتظار می رفت جمعیت بیشتری حاضر باشند. پس از خاک سپاری و انجام برنامه های عادی، پیامی از مادر لطفی و جمعی از مادران توسط یکی از دوستان خوانده شد. بعد تنی چند از فامیل و یاران مادر چند کلامی از او گفتند و یادش را گرامی داشتند و در پایان نیز سرود "مرغ سحر" با صدای بلند توسط دوستان و آشنایان به صورت دسته جمعی خوانده شد.

مادر جزنی در زمان شاه تحت تاثیر خانواده اش به حزب توده گرایش پیدا کرد. او مسئول بخش زنان حزب در شرق تهران و کارخانه چیت سازی شد و زنان زحمتکش را به فعالیت در راستای زن بودن شان تشویق می کرد.

همسرش در سال های 1325 از ایران گریخت و مادر جزنی با مشکلات زیادی سه فرزندش را بزرگ کرد. دخترش منیژه در مسابقه دو سنگ کوپ کرد و مرد. پسرش بیژن و برادر کوچک اش مشعوف (سعید) را در 30 فروردین سال 1354 به گلوله بستند. این غم بزرگ هر چند کمرش را شکست، ولی نتوانست او را از پا بیاندازد و همچنان مقاوم بود. پس از انقلاب جان تازه ای گرفت و می گویند در مقر سازمان فدایی در خیابان میکده حضوری فعال داشت و برای بچه های فدایی غذا می پخت و همواره در کنارشان بود. برادر دیگرش منوچهر را نیز در کشتارهای سال 1360 از دست داد.   

در سال ۱۳۶۰ مادر جزنی دستگير شد و مدت ۱۰ ماه در بندهای ۲۰۹ و ۲۴۰ اوين زندانی بود. در آن موقع قصد داشتند او را مجبور به مصاحبه کنند، ولی مقاومت او باعث شد که دست از سرش بردارند. او همانند پسرش بیژن در مقابل زور می ایستاد و حاضر به همکاری با نیروهای امنیتی نبود و در زندان اوین دچار حمله قلبی شد، به همین خاطر او را آزاد و پشت در زندان رهایش کردند.

او همواره برای دادخواهی تلاش می کرد و دست از مبارزه برنمی داشت.

درود بر مادر جزنی و تمامی مادرانی که هیچ گاه صدای شان خاموش نشد و امید داریم این صداهای پنهان و آشکار  و فریادهای در گلو مانده روزی به بار نشیند و روز پاسخگویی فرا رسد.  

تا دوست داری ام  
تا دوست دارمت  
تا اشک ما به گونه هم می چکد ز مهر  
تا هست در زمانه یکی، جان دوستدار  
کی مرگ می تواند  
نام مرا بروبد از یاد روزگار؟
 
-- سیاوش کسرایی

یادش گرامی و  راه دادخواهانه او و تمامی مادران داغدار پر رهرو باد!  

منصوره بهکیش
29 بهمن 1390


Share/Save/Bookmark

 
Siavash300

Accept mistake is sign of strength

by Siavash300 on

"...all Iranians against himself" Siamak

Khomainie in his public appearance in 1979 said 98% of all Iranians voted "yes" to Islamic Republic. He said only 2% didn't vote "yes". He referred to that 2% as "perverted" and wished one day they embrace Islam. I hope these people have enough courage to come forward and confess they made mistake. I hope these people come forward and confess they were brainwashed by all those garbages that left and Islam promised them. I am sure if Jazani was alive and was able to see the collepse of USSR and China and Cuba, he would have reconsidered his idea of Marx historical determination. I am sure he would have chosen to live in "free world"rather than those Euthopia that Marx and Lenin were promising them as we see people like Abbas Milani did it. Jazani would be able to see the people in Cuba swimming across the ocean to reach to the free world and ran away from the hell of Marx, Lenin and Castro made for them. Jazani would have reconsidered all those none senses which brought disaster and poverty and destruction to our country for 32 years. Unfortunately he is not here to see. Some guilable people still got stuck in their fanstasy of left's Euthopia. Something that never existed and will never exist either.


Siamak Asadian

The only "unity" your two bit punk of a king created, was unity

by Siamak Asadian on

of all Iranians against himself.

Everyone in Iran (99% od the population), except hated  SAVAK agents, theives, prostitutes, and pimps who benefited from his violent corrupt rule (1% of the population) hated his guts. Heck of a job!

You're simply too brainwashed to realize the extent of discontent against monarchy.

Then again  your level of writing, and the repetitive, monotonous responses you post here, strongly indictes all you need is a little rinse! Cheers

 


Siavash300

Vadeh e Sare kharman, Substantial issues

by Siavash300 on

Substantial issue is : we were happy and we were all well respected around the world when shah was on power. The rest is B.S

we heard those colorful words such as democracy, (Azadi) , socialism imperialism, maoism, marxist, over and over back in 70's. Those colorful words leaded to departure of our beloved shah. Those colorful words brought misery, prostitution, drug addition and poverty to our nation for 32 years. We have already experienced those vadeh and vaeed.  We paid heavy price for those colorful words.

But it is not too late. That is the bright side of whole misery. We can repair those damages now. We will gain our respect back by restoring monarchy. Happiness wil come back to our country once crown Reza Pahlavi takes the office. Things wil go back to normal and we step into the path of success and prosperity. Future is bright. Our history is comingled with monarchy or rather padeshahi. We shouldn't forget our heritage, our history and our culture. One mess happened 32 years ago,but we can go back where we were once again. We are the offspring of Nader, lofali khan e zand and koroush, We can get to place we were under one flag of shiro khorsheed. We can go back to the place we were by our padeshah on our side. Padeshah has been symbol of unity, integrity and strength of our nation throughout history. 

GOAL : RESTORING MONARCHY 


Siamak Asadian

Democratic, participatory leadership VS despotic, elitist ones

by Siamak Asadian on

Siavash, you prove over and over and over again you are simply blind to the substantial issues.

In a true Workers Democracy you're not suppose to have a CEO and all that corrupt authoritarian, capitalists BS . Everyone is a leader, and subject to immediate recall if they behave like a little dictator.

In a truly open, democratic, healthy society, everyone is a leader, and has the right to participate in the process as she or he desires.

You prove again to all of us why all you Monarchists, Stalinist, Maoists, Khominists ARE ALL THE SAME.

Deep down all of you are nothing but a bunch of pathetic Jojeh Fascists.


Siavash300

smart leadership versus dumb leadership

by Siavash300 on

Iranians were well respected around the world including communist countries such as Romania and former USSR when CEO of communist party was sending norooz greeting every year to our late shah for Iranian people. That was the result of smart leadership. 

Now, 3 million Iranians around the world became homeless and from country to another country begging for visa. That is an example of dumb leadership

Iranian women were competing with latest fashion models in Europe and America when shah was on power. They had been portryed in western media as upscale, elegant women. That was the result of smart leadership.

Now, Iranian women portrayed in wester media with scarf on their heads like a maid and house keepers. That is dumb leadership.

Iranians were receiving full previlige the same as European counter during Aparthied in south africa. Arabs, pakestani, indians didn't receive such a previliges. They were 2nd class citizen.  That was smart leadership.

Now, those countries along with Europeans look at Iranians like a piece a dirt and terrorists. They try to avoid issue visa. Iranians faced discrimination and oppression in those countries after shah left the country. That was the result of dumb leadership.

Shah believed no persian child should go to bed at night hungery. FREE NUTRITION in schools was the result of our late shah's smart leadership.

Now, according washington post from every 17 Iranian 1 person is drug addict. That was the result of dumb leadership.

Please let me know if anyone wants me to go further. These are common sense and unfortunately some people still don't get it. But I am here to help.

GOAL : RESTORING MONARCHY


Siamak Asadian

Two clowns: Ceausescu of Romaina and shah of Iran, or:

by Siamak Asadian on

What are the commonalities between:

- Monarchists,

-Stalinists,

-Maoists and

-Khomeinists?

All these four morally bankrupt parties love, single-party government, and a total monopoly of political power in their hands.

They all rule in the name of workers and the people, but kill and jail workers and people that oppose them like there's no tomorrow.

Their reliance on political-police and their seceret police to eliminate any and all opposition, specially any opposition that might have a chance of replacing thier brutal corrupt rule.

Keeping all this in mind are we really surprised that a clown like Ceausescu, gives another clown like shah an 'honorary' degree?

The former was shot to death, along his wife, by the fed up people of Romaina, the former fled the country, handing it over in a silver platter to khomeini.


Roozbeh_Gilani

They're united in their fear of dead Jazani and his thoughts!

by Roozbeh_Gilani on

Supporters of past Pahlavi  and present Islamic republic dictatorships.

Makes one wonder what do they find so frightening in Jazani's  message of True democracy of people for people, equality, brotherhood and peace for all mankind?? Or is it more a case of believeing the black propaganda by SAVAK and SAVAMA, instead of reading a page or two about the man , his life, his work and above all, his ideals???

I for one believe that Jazani, regardless of his ideological beliefs, was without doubt one of the most extraordinary, sincere, practical, and patriotic of all Iran's 20th century intellecuals. He accurately predicted the rise of Islamic fascism in our land, at the time very few Iranians knew about khomeini. He knew very well that Shah's dictatorship was the prelude to something much worse, in form of the Velayate faghih. He was actually a very successful businessman, and could live a very comfortable life. Instead he sacrificed it all for his beliefs in true democracy of people for people. For that he will always be respected and loved by generations of Iranians to come.

"Personal business must yield to collective interest."


Siamak Asadian

Obtuse means equating USSR & PRC with socialism,

by Siamak Asadian on

Stalin and Mao toghether have killed more socialists than Hitler ever did.

Stalin and Mao have restricted and violated more workers' rights than any capitalists in the West.

USSR and PRC were correctly referred to as:

- DEGENERATED WORKERS' STATES,

-Collective Bureaucrtism,

-State Capitalism.

In essnce and in their historical truths they were anything but Workers democracy or workers' states. Unless you were a stupid KGB agent, or an even more stupid Maoist.

It's you sheer ignorance of critical socialist Left, and the workers opposition to their rulers in erstwhile USSR or the current PRC that makes your observation so ridiculous. Cheers


Siavash300

Promises... promises....

by Siavash300 on

"Iran under the leadership of an independent Iranian Left, would have been a very different scenario indeed" Siamack A

We have expression in Farsi saying : Boozak Nameer Bahar meyad, Kharbozeh ba kheyar meeyad. That is VADEH SAR e KHARMAN.

I am just shocked by my guillable and naive country men. They still after 32 year don't get it. Even after collepse of Soviet Union and turning China policy from Moeist still don't get it. That is pity. oh... wait a minute these are the same people who saw khomainie picture on the surface of moon. What else do we expect. Now, let's add some spices to our comrades comment...... Imperialism.... Socialism... anarchist... Mazadism... etc.

Smart leadership means Iranians were well respected around the globe including communist country such as Romania. In 1973 shah was horonored Doctora degree from the hand of president of Romani which was communist country.

Smart leadership means Iranian were classified as a "white" in apartheid regime in south africa. They all receiving full previliges of white European couterpart. Arabs, Paki, Indian and all those neighborehood countries were classified as 2nd class citizen and couldn't go to downtown Johansburg and Cape town after 6 p. m only Iranians and Europeans were allowed.

Smart leadership means Iranians didn't need visa to travel to U.K. it was as easy as travelling from Tehran to Shiraz. Just get a ticket and get on the plane.

The list goes on that I can't summurize it here, but if need more education please don't hesitate, let me know. I will be more than happy to reveal about our late shah and his smart international and domestic policy.

Sincerely,

Siavash


Siamak Asadian

"smart leadership of shah" Is that why he escaped the country?

by Siamak Asadian on

Or was his SAVAK's cooperation with Hojatoieh also a part of that 'smart' leadership?

Was creation of Rastakhiz and turning Iran officially into a single-party state also part of that 'smart' leadership?

How about publishing an article in Ettelaat, and attacking Khomeini by name, turning him into an over-night national star.

Our dearest most obtuse monarchists have no one to blame but yourselves and your stupid shah, for making all the wrong moves at all the most crucial stages of Iranian history.

Last but not least, since ALL OF YOU MONARCHISTS ARE LACKEYS OF FOREIGN POWER, AND CONSTITUTIONALLY INCAPABLE OF INDEPENDENT THOUGHT AND ACTION, you think everyone is also like you. But Jazani and his comrades were open-minded, free thinkers, very critical of both USSR and PRC. 

Iran under the leadership of an independent Iranian Left, would have been a very different scenario indeed.

On that note, the best is yet to come.


Siavash300

victims of illusions.

by Siavash300 on

"If there are no strains and restrictions on free political activities, no political entity would choose underground activity over an open, public campaign." Arj

If ...? Surely, we would have been under wing of Soviet Union and our country would have been so called "Democratic Republic of Iran" similar to what we witnessed in southern providences of USSR where women were selling their bodies in exchange for money to survive because of high degree of poverty. No comparison between Iran under smart leadership of shah and those screwed up countries. No thank you.

Jazani impact would have been like DDR with nasty, corrupted secret police STACI or those nations whose people were reporting to K.G.B on daily basis. No thanks. Let them had it and enjoy it. We didn't want it.

Abbas Shahryari, Sepahbood Farsio who were assesinated were the work of Jazani group.  The assesination of Nahidi CEO of savak in city of Mashhad were the work of Jazani and his group. No one is talking about those victims. Sepahbood Farsio son is now in mid 40's . He lives in L.A area. He suffered 2 divorces and still under therapy most likey post theramtic stress disorder (P.T.S.D) related to his father assesination in the front of his eyes.  


Siamak Asadian

Presence of Incoherence

by Siamak Asadian on

For the uninitiated and the uninformed to the Iranian Left:

Jazani and his comrades took up arms against shah, because there was no room for peaceful political activitiy.

And also AS A REFUTAION, AND A CRITIQUE  OF  TUDEH AND ALL OTHER REFORMIST,  PRO-SOVIET FORMATIONS.

Rafigh Jazani had a critique of both USSR and PRC.

Putting Jazani and Tabari in one category, demonstrates nothing but sheer ignorance of the Iranian Left.

Of course for our uninformed writers in here, all Leftists are just a bunch of "Commies," they could be Anarchists, Socialists, Social-Democrats,...but some how due to utter ignorance of our 'writers they all get bunched up into one catagory that fits all.

Meanwhile they don't have a word to say about the structural, permenant Crisis of Capitalism, bankrupting the entire world economy, and pushing the globe to the brinks of economic and ecological disaster.


Arj

Victims of despotism

by Arj on

Indeed, like any other political prisoner under the Pahlavi and IRI regimes, Jazani was a victim of despotism and dictatorial rule! If there are no strains and restrictions on free political activities, no political entity would choose underground activity over an open, public campaign. But megalomaniacs such as Shah and Khamenei (and Reza Shah and Khoemini by extention) can not tolerate anything and anyone beyond their Rastakhiz and Hezbollah circus acts!

Under different circumstances, the likes of Jazani would've made a much bigger impact on modern Iranian politics. That's why they were tortured and murdered by SAVAK (and later on, IRGC) in such a cowardly manner! Indeed, IRI has been the legitimate heir to the Pahlavi dynasty, for it's managed to complete what Pahlavis couldn't (which is to rid Iran of all leftist and/or secular democratic political entities). Something they and their supporters proudly share in common!

 


Siavash300

Future of an illusion

by Siavash300 on

It was a hot summer day in 1980 when I attended Tudeh meeting in their office which was located next to Tehran University.

   Ehsan Tabari, the pioneer of the party had lecture about the future of Proletaria. Apparently he was one of those 63 people who made decision among other brother communist party around the world.

    He referred to America communist party as a viable party with clear future under leadership of Guss Hall. He mentioned that he would not see the fall of america political and economic system into socialism in his life time because he was too old but our new and younger generation will see that fall. I was one of those young generation who was listening to him. He was saying that I would be able to see it because I was too young. I waited all my life to see the collepse of U.S into the socialism.

On contrary, 8 years later in 1988,  I witnessed the collepse of Soviet Union into the capitalism, but I never saw the collepse of Capitalism till today.

   Tabari's predication of U.S falling into socialism by next 30 years didn't come true.

    I wish all these people including jazani and Tabari were still alive to see what happened later on. I wish they were alive to  see their Euthopia were just an illusion which didn't go futhure than Guthenburg publications. What a guilable and navie people. Their idea looked good in books, not in reality.

   Tabari became a Mo'ezen of the Mosque in Evin prison and he finally died in hands of people whom he percieved as "revolutionay" . Those "revolutionary people" were his murders. They killed him by stopping his medications while he was in custody.  


Anahid Hojjati

بگو به میهن که خون بیژن ستاره گشت

Anahid Hojjati


When I saw this article again, this sentence from a revolutionary sorood came to my mind that "Bijan setareh Gashteh". Mihan is name of Jazani's wife. For knowledge of those friends who would want to lecture me about how their path was futile, blah, blah, I know what you will say but sometimes pull of nostalgia is just too strong.


Siamak Asadian

جنگی درباره ی زندگی و آثار بيژن جزنی

Siamak Asadian


جنگی درباره ی زندگی و آثار بيژن جزنی

http://www.pegahfarsibook.com/books.php?isbn=2-912490-18-9


Siamak Asadian

...

by Siamak Asadian on

Since this is not a blog about the historical intrepetations of Marx and Lenin, but it's about Bijan Jazani's mother passing away I'll keep my replies to a minnimu. Perhaps an extended exchange could take place somewhere else in the future:

Class Struggle as "Engine of History," which is after all only a metaphore is far from a dogma. BTW, Communist Manifesto itself is practically a copy of France Socialists of M&E's time (See the Norton Edition of Manifesto).

Marx towards the end of his life and through his studies on Russian Peasants' Communes had serious thoughts about paths to socialism, and repeatedly stated that there's no "single key" to all historical developments. These later works are know as his anthropological works, which are always ignored. Marx has at least three to four different stages in his intellectual development. If one decides to bundle up all of such complexity into one "it's all the same" dogmatic take, that's fine, but that's exactly what the Stalinists have done.

Lenin's most famous phrase is : Conceret analysis of the conceret situation. Meaning that each situation requires its own method of investigation. It's noteworthy that even  Anarchists philosophers such as the late Paul Feyerabend( the author of "Against Method"), approve of such procedure and method, and uses such an approach to his philosophy of science. After Lenin's death 1924 Gyorgy Lukacs (intellectual mentors of Walter Benjamin, and Gramsci..) wrote a short pamphlet on Lenin " Lenin and Unity of his Thought". Not even once the term "Leninism" is used in there. Why? Perhaps Lukascs as an outstanding philosopher knew such a reductive, dogmatism is false, and that's exactly what he argues in there.

Workers' Democracy basically encompasses the alliance and the coalition of workers and their immediate allies: farmers, professional middle class, intellectuals,...

The book that Jazani's mother is holding in her hands (in the picture for this blog), is a collection of more than twenty essays on the range of rafigh Jazani's contributions, and  highley recommended to all students of contemporary Iranian history. We have had more than just one free thinker within Iranian Left, Mostafa Shoayeian, Mostafa Rahimi,... were other exapmles.

Although the traditional, conservative , religious Left in Iran seemed dominant in the past,such days are over . I refer all to the debate held in Sharif University( a few months back) over the "Occupy Movement," there we could see the amazing intellectual growth of Iranian Left, which we've gained at a very high price.

Last but not least the Revolutionary Movement of Kurdestan in the past three decades has been a beacon of hope and a consistent examplar of democracy in action, tolerance, and unity in action while working to overthrow Islamic Republic. Cheers


Babak K.

Bijan Jazani predicted that

by Babak K. on

Bijan Jazani predicted that (I do not remeber the exact words) :

"If Iranian opposition is not united, then Khomeini will come to power".

More than anything, Bijan Jazani wished democracy for Iran, you can detect this from his writings.  But the Past Estebdad and its Savak analysts were too ignorant and too stupid to understand his writing and predictions.


Azadeh Azad

For Siamak

by Azadeh Azad on

1. In Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels clearly speak of the class struggle as the ENGINE of history. – or some other phrase like that :-)).

 

2. Marx "famously announced that he himself was never a "Marxist"." This sounds more like a joke. The same about Lenin not being a Leninist. These men initiated and developed concepts and theories that lead to specific schools of thoughts and praxis, so it would be narcissistic of them if they said: I'm the most Marxist or Leninist of all :-). Or it would have been silly for Marx to have said, “I am not a Marxist, that is, I do not believe in what I am saying.” We need to find the context of this saying – if he actually said it. In sum, that Marx and Lenin didn't use the word Marxism or Leninism does not mean that there are no ideologies behind the above "ims”. I smile at this naive and meaningless line of reasoning.

 

3. So, now after 200 years of mistaken understanding, we have realized that what Marx actually meant by the word "dictator" was: "dictator" in the sense of carrying the mandate, the dictates and the wishes of the population at large." In other words, Marx actually believed in Democracy! Not the "Democracy of the Proletariat" as it transpires from all his works, but according to you, a Democracy of All Social Classes. I am sure you know that this is absurd, because Class Struggle is the core of Marxism, and Marx believed that “Democracy in Capitalist System” is in fact a “Bourgeois Democracy” or from the working class point of view and interest a “Bourgeois Dictatorship”: hence his use of the term Dictatorship of proletariat in the sense of Proletariat Democracy. But he never ever considered Democracy for All Conflicting Social Classes. That would be an oxymoron! I have heard of all kind of revisionism, but what you are saying about Marx’s view of social classes, strips Marxism of its meaning.

Or maybe you are thinking of ths socialist phrase before communism, which is a kind of condescending concept, as if people are stupid and would fall for attractive ideas of the socialist phase before falling into the Hell of Communism. I prefer Young Marx, the idealist (1848 Manuscripts) to Old, Dogmatic Marx. But let's move on. Do we have to accept everything Marx said? There are good ideas put forth by Marx, and there were not very good ones. The same with Engels. I have written a text refuting Engel's Origin of Family. I'll publish it here sometimes this year.

 

4. I have read Rosa Luxemburg and Antonio Gramsci, and like both of them, especially Gramsci. They were in disagreement with Lenin in so many points. I was speaking of Orthodox Marxist-Leninists, those who don’t even read Gramsci or don’t take Frankfurt school of psychology seriously.

 

5. I was not aware that Jazani believed in socialism from below. So thank you for the info. However, in this light Jazani remains an exception among Iranian leftists. The Iranian left was dogmatic, arrogant, know-it-all, Moralistic (read Culturally Religious) and for the Dictatorship of the Proletariat at all cost. Not only they would not have followed Jazani if he were alive, but also they would not have had any chance of taking power in a country of 35 million people with whom they were generally OUT OF TOUCH.

 

Anyway, I myself am a Social Democrat (in its contemporary meaning), because I believe that in this way, we can avoid the ills of both capitalism and Socialism/communism. Regarding the latter, besides the tradition of Dictatorship of Proletariat (=Tyranny of one man), obstruction to Personal Incentives outside the Official State Ideology is another Achilles’ heel of theirs.

 

Cheers,

Azadeh


Siamak Asadian

Bijan Jazani actually had a critical take on both USSR & PRC

by Siamak Asadian on

Meaning that he had a very independent mind-set and was not going to "tow the line" for any foriegn power, and believed in the independence and autonomy of the working class, in Iran and throughout thew world.

Dear Ms. Azad, in five lines, you insert so many distortions that to properly clarify them, it would take at least five blogs. In short order:

"Mraxism-Leninsm" is a myth. Marx never thought of his method of social, historical investigation, or his ideas of class struggle as dogma, or a closed system of thought, and famously announced that he himself was never a "Marxist."

Lenin also, while he was alive, never heard the term "Leninist." His most important, significant contribution was to have an utterly undogmatic, open-mided, dynamic approach to politics and orgainizing.

Marx's notion of "dicatorship" is derived from the historical Roman practice of appointing a "dictator" in the sense of carrying the mandate, the dictates and the wishes of the pouplation at large. This is a far cry from what Stalin, Mao, Pol Pot,...carried out.

The socialist movement has the privilige of also having many, many thinkers such as Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Korsh, Antonio Gramsci, Toni Negri,...who all had (have) trenchant critiques of Marx, and Lenin and  are all for: SOCIALISM FROM BELOW. Civil society being the key concept in such a formation.

If Jazani had not been executed by shah's thugs, we might have had the historical opportuity to actually see how SOCIALISM FROM BELOW would be implemented in Iran. Alas that was not the case.

Last but not least, I've always enjoyed your critical take on social issues of Iran, and the value you assign to the autonomy of the womens' movement in Iran. Looking forward to reading more of your enlightening texts. More power to you.


Azadeh Azad

My condolenses, Ms. Mansoureh Behkish

by Azadeh Azad on

However, never forget to mention that Marxist-Leninists like Jazani have been, are , and always will be, for the Dictatorship of Proletariat. No matter how much they resisted the Shah's tyranny, they were aiming to establish another form of tyranny in the name of another social class. Let's have the courage to say All the Truth about the "Martyred Comrades".

Azadeh


Roozbeh_Gilani

یاد این شیر زن و فرزندش، دو اسطوره مقاومت جاودان باد...

Roozbeh_Gilani


خانواده جزنی باعث افتخار تمام ما بوده، هستند و خواهند بود.


Anahid Hojjati

خیلی ممنون منصوره جان ,

Anahid Hojjati


نام و چهره بیژن جزنی برای بسیاری از ایرانیان از یاد نرفتنی است . به امید ایرانی آزاد .