The Shah left Iran for exile in mid-January 1979, creating a power vacuum. The royal regime collapsed shortly after on February 11th as Shapour Bakhtiar’s Government struggled to survive.
Demonstrations against the Shahbegan in January 1978.Between August and December 1978 strikes and demonstrations paralyzed the country. The Shah left Iran for exile in mid-January 1979, and in the resulting power vacuum two weeks later Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Tehran to a greeting byseveral million Iranians. The royal regime collapsed shortly after on February 11th when guerrillas and rebel troops overwhelmed troops loyal to the Shah in armed street fighting.Iran voted by national referendum to become an Islamic Republic on April 1, 1979,and to approve a new theocratic constitution where by Khomeini became Supreme Leader of the country, in December 1979.
Part of a Documentary on Revolution depicts Shah’s Departure :
March 8, 1979 Iranian Women March Against Hijab andIslamic Laws :
Part II :
Another Summary of this Woman’s March:
Night of theGenerals :
Shah’s Generals Rahimi ( Militarygoverner of Tehran) and Nassiri ( Head of SAVAK, the Shah’s secret Police)Televised Interrogation by Ibrahim Yazdi sealed his fate as well as that ofother’s executed shortly after an arbitrary and quick trial
SAVAK headquarters seized by Revolutionaries :
1979 radio broadcast: execution of Nasiri, Rahimi,Naji & Khosrowdad :
Shah’s Generals executed :
Khalkhali the Hanging Judge :
French Journalist Christine Okrente défends herself on French TV against accusations over her controversial interview of Hoveyda :